下エジプトのムスリムにおける結婚の成立過程 : カリュービーヤ県ベンハー市とその周辺農村の事例を中心に Marriage Process among the Muslims of Lower Egypt

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Some marriage customs of Middle Eastern muslims are wellknown,although their images have sometimes been extremelyand the legal points of view. The bridegroom himself and theguardian of the bride (generally her father) together write amarriage contract (`aqd al-qiran; in the colloquial katab el-kitab)under the guidance of a ma'dhun (a marrige notary). The brideand groom become a legal couple, although this dose not meanthe actual start of their new life, since some months or even yearsmight be required to prepare new rooms and furniture for thecouple. When they complete the preparation of their ownresidence, with the some financial help of their parents, the fourthand last ceremony of marriage will be held.(4) The final stage is known in standard Arabic as zifaf, andin the colloquial as dukhla. After that the couple effectively starta new life.Describing the succession of the ceremonies, I refer to suchsignificant events as the transaction of bridewealth (mahr), makinga list of the furniture (`afsh) privately owned by the bride, aninvitation to and a reception in the marriage feast (farah), whichmay be held not only on the occasion of the dukhla but also asa part of the shabka and the katab el-kitab ceremonies, specialactivities of the night of henna, and showing of the blood of thevirgin to the people. The text of the sermon preached by thema'dhan on the occasion of the marriage contract is appended.exaggerated or distorted by the prejudice of "Orientalism". Inthis paper I describe the marriage process among the muslims ofLower Egypt, based mostly on my fieldwork conducted mainlyin Benha city and some surrounding villages in the Qalyubiyagovernorate, in 1981-82.The purpose of this paper is mainly to describe how themuslims conduct marriage negotiations and hold various kindsof rituals and ceremonies. Refering to some of the reliableethnographies of Egypt, such as those by Lane, Ammar, Fakhouriand Wikan, I indicate some of the transformations that haveoccurred in marriage practices in Egypt from the early 19thcentury to the present.The marriage process among the muslims of Lower Egypttoday can be analyzed in terms of four stages :(1) The first stage starts with seeking for a partner and endswith the recitation of the first chapter of Quran (al-fatiha) bysome members of the two families, as a sign of agreement to themarriage.(2) The second stage is the shabka ceremony. The prospectivebridegroom gives some golden goods, such as a finger ring, necklaceor earring to the prospective bride, as a token of the engagement.(3) Then follows the most important ritual from the religiousand the legal points of view. The bridegroom himself and theguardian of the bride (generally her father) together write amarriage contract (`aqd al-qiran; in the colloquial katab el-kitab)under the guidance of a ma'dhun (a marrige notary). The brideand groom become a legal couple, although this dose not meanthe actual start of their new life, since some months or even yearsmight be required to prepare new rooms and furniture for thecouple. When they complete the preparation of their ownresidence, with the some financial help of their parents, the fourthand last ceremony of marriage will be held.(4) The final stage is known in standard Arabic as zifaf, andin the colloquial as dukhla. After that the couple effectively starta new life.Describing the succession of the ceremonies, I refer to suchsignificant events as the transaction of bridewealth (mahr), makinga list of the furniture (`afsh) privately owned by the bride, aninvitation to and a reception in the marriage feast (farah), whichmay be held not only on the occasion of the dukhla but also asa part of the shabka and the katab el-kitab ceremonies, specialactivities of the night of henna, and showing of the blood of thevirgin to the people. The text of the sermon preached by thema'dhun on the occasion of the marriage contract is appended.

収録刊行物

  • 国立民族学博物館研究報告

    国立民族学博物館研究報告 10(2), 273-307, 1985-10-22

    国立民族学博物館

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    110004721997
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN00091943
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    Departmental Bulletin Paper
  • ISSN
    0385180X
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    2743935
  • NDL 刊行物分類
    E31(民族学・文化人類学)
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZG1(歴史・地理)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z8-1298
  • データ提供元
    NDL  NII-ELS  IR 
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