母親の育児幸福感と育児事情の実態 [in Japanese] A study on the reality of child care happiness and child care event in mothers [in Japanese]
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本研究は育児している母親の肯定的な情動を「育児幸福感」とし,育児幸福感を感じる際の事情から,育児幸福感と育児事情の実態を明らかにした.3歳以下の子どもを育児している母親にアンケート用紙を配布し,Lazarusの理論による7項目の情動である安心,希望,愛情,喜び,感謝,同情,誇りを育児中に感じる頻度を5段階評価とした.さらに,それぞれの情動を感じる育児事情について自由記述を求めた.調査用紙は188名に配布し101名から回収された.結果として母親が育児中に感じる肯定的情動の中心は,愛情,喜び,感謝であり,安心,誇り,希望と続き,同情は少なかった.育児幸福感を感じる際の事情は14項目に分類できた.育児幸福感を感じる際の事情は,主として「子どもの成長・発達・健康」および「子どものしぐさ」などの子ども中心の構成であり,その他として「周囲の援助・声かけ・つながり」などであった.本研究の結果は,育児支援としては, 1)育児する中で喜びや愛情を感じた時の子どもの様子について語れる場を提供すること, 2)母親が他者と良好な関係であるという認知を促すこと, 3)子どもの成長に関する肯定的なフィードバックにより母親の努力や能力が認められること, 4)母親が育児協力を周囲に求められるように援助すること, 5)カウンセリング技術による母親の肯定的な自己認識を促すといった働きかけの重要性を明らかにした(著者抄録)
To examine types of support with which mothers can find more happiness in childcare, this study focused on the emotional dimension of childcare happiness, following theories advocated by Lazarus. Defining positive emotions that mothers feel during childrearing as childcare happiness, the research aimed at revealing the truth about childcare happiness by investigating the circumstances under which mothers feel childcare happiness. A questionnaire was distributed to mothers who were rearing children aged three or under, asking them to evaluate, on a five-point scale, the degree to which they felt peace, hope, love, joy, gratitude, sympathy, and pride during childcare. The questionnaire also included open-ended questions about the childcare contexts in which they experienced each of the emotional ranges. There were 101 responses out of 188 questionnaires distributed to those mothers. It was found that love, joy and gratitude were the major positive emotions felt by mothers during childcare, followed by peace and pride, while sympathy was much less experienced. Responses on the circumstances of where childcare happiness had been experienced were divided into 14 categories, with most related to children, such as "children's growth, development and health" and "children's gestures and actions." Other categories include "support and communication opportunities offered by others" and "relationships with others." These results suggest what type of childcare support can enhance mothers' childcare happiness. They include: 1) Providing situations where mothers can talk about the appearance and behaviors of their children for which they feel joy and love while caring for them 2) Encouraging mothers to realize that they must keep a good relationship with other people around them 3) Recognizing mothers' efforts and capabilities with positive feedback on the growth and development of their children 4) Helping mothers to ask others for childcare assistance 5) Providing counseling to mothers so that they will develop positive perceptions of themselves.
- Japanese journal of maternal health.
Japanese journal of maternal health. 47(2), 344-351, 2006-07-01
Japan Society of Maternal Health