教育課題の生成と共有を支援する学校組織開発プログラムの構築とその効果に関する研究 : 小規模小学校を対象として [in Japanese] Materialization and Verification of Organizational Development Program in School to Facilitate Shaping and Sharing of School Tasks : A Case of Implementation in Small Elementary School [in Japanese]
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The purposes of this study are to construct an organizational development program aimed to facilitate collaborative decision making among teachers, and to verify the effects and availability of the program. The characteristics of the program are to create and share the tasks of school based on teachers' autonomy and collaboration. The basic constituents of the program are 1) improvement of teachers' interaction, 2) modification of organizational structure to develop the interaction, and 3) internalization of function to facilitate the collaborative processes among teachers. The program were introduced into a small school. Though the program conflicted with customs of the school and teachers' roles, it was modified and redefined to adapt to the school. As a results, the program was internalized in the school. Main results of the program were the following. 1. Teachers' collaborative process to clarify the school tasks corresponded to the characteristics of pupils of the school, were facilitated, and 2. Teachers' commitment and sharing of the school tasks were increased. These results showed the practical availability of the program. Based on the processes and results of the program, a fundamental model of autonomous improvement of school organization and its conditions were proposed.
- Journal of JASEA
Journal of JASEA 47(0), 96-111, 2005
The Japanese Association for the Study of Educational Administration