台風に伴う九州・山口地方の平成16年産水稲生産への影響と台風18号(SONGDA)により発生した潮風害の実態  [in Japanese] Influence of Typhoon on the Paddy Rice Production in Kyushu and Yamaguchi Districts in 2004 and Salty Wind Damage of Rice Caused by Typhoon 0418 (SONGDA)  [in Japanese]

Access this Article

Search this Article

Author(s)

Abstract

九州・山口地方へは水稲の穂ばらみ期から収穫期にかけて5個の台風(15・16・18・21・23号)が接近・上陸した. これらの台風に伴う強風により, 葉ずれによる葉身光合成能力の低下, 倒伏等による草姿悪化, 籾ずれによる登熟不良, 脱粒, 倒伏による穂発芽の発生などの複合的な要因により, 減収や品質劣化の被害が発生した. 作況指数は, 福岡県南筑後(70), 熊本県県北(74), 山口県西部・佐賀県佐賀(76)となり, 山口県, 福岡県, 熊本県では水稲玄米の品質が低下して1等米がわずか13~15%となった. とくに, 山口県では台風18号の通過時に周防灘からの強風, 通過直後からの少雨の継続により海岸地域を中心に潮風害が発生し, 著しい減収・低品質となった.

Five typhoons (No.15•16•18•21•23) approached and landed from booting to harvesting time in Kyushu and Yamaguchi districts in 2004. The grain yield and quality of paddy rice were deteriorated by the strong wind accompanying these typhoons. This was considered to have been caused by the decrease of photosynthetic capacity, lodging, defect of ripening and viviparity. The crop situation index was 70 in the Minami-Chikugo, Fukuoka Prefecture, 74 in the northern part of Kumamoto Prefecture, and 76 in the western part of Yamaguchi Prefecture and Saga Prefecture. In the Yamaguchi, Fukuoka and Kumamoto Prefectures, the quality of rice deteriorated markedly, and there was only 13-15% grade rice. There was little rainfall after the passage of the typhoon in the Suo Sea coastal region of Yamaguchi Prefecture. Consequently, the adhering salt entered the rice plants, and damaged the plants resulting in reduced yield and inferior rice quality.

Journal

  • Japanese Journal of Crop Science

    Japanese Journal of Crop Science 75(4), 535-541, 2006-10-05

    The Crop Science Society of Japan

References:  29

Cited by:  3

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110004833057
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00189888
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    00111848
  • NDL Article ID
    8536368
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZR7(科学技術--農林水産--農産)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z18-342
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  NDL  NII-ELS  IR  J-STAGE  JASI 
Page Top