自力仮設住宅の経年的変化と住宅復興における位置 : 阪神・淡路大震災における自力仮設住宅に関する研究(その4) TRANSFORMATION OF PRIVATE TEMPORARY HOUSING AND ITS POSSITION IN THE HOUSING RECONSTRUCTION PROGRAMME : Study on private temporary housing after the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake (No.4)
This study aims to find out the distribution of private temporary houses (PTHs) and its transformation since Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake occurred, to explore possibility for establishing PTH as one of housing reconstruction programme by analyzing its characteristics and building process. We found that the number of PTHs in 2000 has decreased approximately 60 percent since 1997. There are 70 percent of PTHs retained in the areas where not covered the urban redevelopment programme and land readjustment programme. 34.9% of disappeared PTHs have just demolished and its lot of the land has been vacant. 34.6% of them have transformed to newly built permanent houses. Since 1997, 3859 PTHs have been built, which is 9% of all collapsed and burnt houses in Kobe. This is not a small number in the framework of the housing reconstruction. We points out reconstruction programme should have included support for PTHs and rebuilding houses united some neighbourhood lots.
日本建築学会計画系論文集 70(587), 121-128, 2005