日本語学習者の発話に対する日本語母語話者の評価 : 評価尺度開発の試み Native speakers' Evaluation of Learners' Speech : A trial of developing a native speakers' evaluation scale

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抄録

This purpose of present study was to develop an evaluation scale in order to study how native speakers evaluate the speech and behavior of Japanese learners. To confirm the reliability and the validity of this scale, I carried out a questionnaire survey by viewing how 83 native speakers responded these items after they saw a videotape recording of a learner's free conversation with a native speaker. The questionnaires contain of 55 items (34 items for learners' competence evaluated by native speakers and 21 items for overall evaluation) were selected from the former related studies and the result of follow-up interview to 50 native speakers. In this analysis, 5 factors for learners' competence evaluated by native speakers and 3 factors for overall evaluation were extracted from the factor analysis first. The reliability of the scale was confirmed by the Good-Poor analysis and Cronbach's coefficient alpha. Furthermore, I propose the hypothesis of causal relation model of native speakers' evaluation based on Peason's product-moment correlation coefficient and the multiple regression analysis. As a result, the reliability and the validity of the scale are proved. Arid from my hypothesis of the causal relation model of native speakers' evaluation, it was found that 1) 'Expressiveness', 'interlocution competence', 'Listener-friendliness and comprehensibility' and 'vocabulary and expression' influence the evaluation of 'Japanese oral proficiency'. 2) 'Communication strategies' influences the evaluation of 'approachability'. 3) 'Communication strategies' and 'expressiveness' influence the evaluation of 'positive attitude'.

This purpose of present study was to develop an evaluation scale in order to study how native speakers evaluate the speech and behavior of Japanese learners. To confirm the reliability and the validity of this scale, I carried out a questionnaire survey by viewing how 83 native speakers responded these items after they saw a videotape recording of a learner's free conversation with a native speaker. The questionnaires contain of 55 items (34 items for learners' competence evaluated by native speakers and 21 items for overall evaluation) were selected from the former related studies and the result of follow-up interview to 50 native speakers. In this analysis, 5 factors for learners' competence evaluated by native speakers and 3 factors for overall evaluation were extracted from the factor analysis first. The reliability of the scale was confirmed by the Good-Poor analysis and Cronbach's coefficient alpha. Furthermore, I propose the hypothesis of causal relation model of native speakers' evaluation based on Peason's product-moment correlation coefficient and the multiple regression analysis. As a result, the reliability and the validity of the scale are proved. Arid from my hypothesis of the causal relation model of native speakers' evaluation, it was found that 1) 'Expressiveness', 'interlocution competence', 'Listener-friendliness and comprehensibility' and 'vocabulary and expression' influence the evaluation of 'Japanese oral proficiency'. 2) 'Communication strategies' influences the evaluation of 'approachability'. 3) 'Communication strategies' and 'expressiveness' influence the evaluation of 'positive attitude'.

収録刊行物

  • 広島大学大学院教育学研究科紀要. 第二部, 文化教育開発関連領域

    広島大学大学院教育学研究科紀要. 第二部, 文化教育開発関連領域 52, 175-183, 2004-03-28

    広島大学

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    110004854511
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA11618725
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    Departmental Bulletin Paper
  • 雑誌種別
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    13465554
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    6890585
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZV1(一般学術誌--一般学術誌・大学紀要)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z22-87
  • データ提供元
    NDL  NII-ELS  IR 
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