古代遺跡出土の動物骨に関する研究 : IV.鹿児島県黒川洞穴出土骨の概要 A Study of Animal Bones from Archaeological Sites : IV. On the Animal Bones Excavated at Kurokawa Cave Site, Kagoshima Prefecture

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黒川洞穴出土の自然遺物, とくに哺乳類の骨を肉眼的ならびに計測学的に調査した.1.自然遺物の総重量は, 20455.5g(貝類を除く)で, そのうち哺乳類が全体の99%である.2.動物種や骨の種類を同定できたものは, 2059個の骨片で, それらはイノシシ, シカ, カモシカ, ツキノワグマ, オオカミ, イヌ, タヌキ, アナグマ, テン, イタチ, ノウサギ, ムササビ, モグラおよびサルの6目14種である.3.出土骨片数は, イノシシがもっとも多く(66%), ついでシカ(21%)であり, そのほかは13%である.オオカミ, ツキノワグマ, カモシカの出土は, 極めて貴重なものである.4.骨の形状は, 各動物ともに現生のものにほとんど類似し, また, 骨の大きさは, シカ, イノシシ, ノウサギで, 現生種より幾分大きい傾向を示した.5.以上の観察から, 縄文後期から晩期の鹿児島地方には, 少なくとも14種以上の哺乳類が生息していたことが伺われ, また, 縄文人がイノシシ, シカをよく狩猟し, 食べていたことが示唆された.

The purpose of this study is to get a knowledge on the fauna and the games of those bygone days from the bone-remains of archaeological sites in the southern Kyushu, and to ascertain whether the morphological characters of the excavated bones differ from those of the living animal species. In the present paper, big amount of animal bone-remains excavated together with the earthen-wares of the late to the latest stages of Jomon-period at Kurokawa cave site were investigated morphologically and osteometrically. The total weight of natural remains, excepting those of the shellfishes, was 20455.5 g ; of which, 20262.6 g in mammals, 30.7 g in aves, 12.2 g in fishes and 133.7 g in other remains. By the morphological observations, 2059 pieces were identified as bones of animal species. The fauna of mammalian remains was composed of 14 species belonging to 6 orders. They were Sus scrofa, Cervus nippon, Capricornis crispus, Selenarctos thibetanus, Canis lupus, Canis familiaris, Nyctereutes procyonoides, Metes meles, Martes malenpus, Mustela sibirica, Lepus brachyurus, Petaurista leucogenys, Mogera wogura and Macaca fuscata. The bone-remains of Canis lupus, Selenarctos thibetanus and Capricornis crispus were quite rare ones observable in the site of soutern Kyushu. Basing on the number of the excavated bones, the more abundant animal species were ascertained to be Sus scrofa (66%), the next being Cervus nippon (21%), and the other animals were 13% in total number, respectively. The large number of the excavated bones was composed of Ossa membri thoracici et pelvini (about 50% in all); Humerus, Radius, Ossa metacarpi, Os femoris, Tibia and Ossa metatarsi. According to the morphological observations, it was noted that the excavated bones showed no difference from those of the living animals both in shape and in size, excepting the fact that the bones of Cervus nippon, Sus scrofa and Lepus brachyurus showed a tendency to be larger than those of the existing animals. Basing on these observations, it was assumed that in the late to the latest stages of Jomon-period, animals of 14 or more than 14 species inhabited in Satsuma areas, Kagoshima prefecture, and that the most important games at these stages were Sus scrofa and Cervus nippon.

収録刊行物

  • 鹿兒島大學農學部學術報告

    鹿兒島大學農學部學術報告 33, 147-157, 1983-03-15

    鹿児島大学

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    110004993250
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN00040603
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    Journal Article
  • 雑誌種別
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    04530845
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    2583035
  • NDL 刊行物分類
    ME71(古生物)
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZR6(科学技術--農林水産)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z18-250
  • データ提供元
    CJP引用  NDL  NII-ELS  IR 
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