ミツバチを利用した半促成ナスの着果促進技術体系の開発 : I. セイヨウミツバチの花粉媒介の効果  [in Japanese] Development of Fruiting Promotion System Using Honeybees in Semi-forced Eggplant Culture : I. Effectiveness of Pollination by the European Honeybee  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

セイヨウミツバチのナス栽培における花粉媒介昆虫としての利用の効果を検討するため、温室において訪花行動の観察および花粉媒介効果の調査を行った。ミツバチはナスの葯の先端を前脚と口器を使って、上下に動かしながら花粉を落とし、腹面側の体毛で受け止める行動を繰り返した。そして、花粉団子を作製し、1花当たりの総花粉数のうち65-82%を採集した。また、ミツバチの訪花により、無処理に比べて柱頭への花粉の付着数、種子数が多く、着果率が高まったことから、ミツバチはナスの果実生産のための有効な花粉媒介昆虫であると考えられた。

The effectiveness of using the European honeybee <i>Apis mellifera</i> as pollinators of eggplants in greenhouses was examined by analyzing foraging behavior on flowers and the effects of pollination. Foraging honeybees were observed to move the tips of eggplant anthers up and down repeatedly using their forelegs and mouthparts, create pollen loads on their hind legs, and forage on 65% to 82% of the total pollen per flower. Transfer of pollen to the stigma, number of seeds per fruit, and eggplant fruiting were increased significantly by visiting honeybees compared to no visits. Therefore, we conclude that honeybees are effective pollinators of greenhouse eggplants.

Journal

  • Japanese Journal of Applied Entomology and Zoology

    Japanese Journal of Applied Entomology and Zoology 50(4), 297-304, 2006-11-25

    Japanese Society of Applied Entomology and Zoology

References:  21

Cited by:  3

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110004997290
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00186121
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    00214914
  • NDL Article ID
    8594476
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZR4(科学技術--生物学--動物) // ZR7(科学技術--農林水産--農産)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z18-41
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE  JASI 
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