イワーノフ=ラズームニクのロシア・インテリゲンツィア論に寄せて(方法論の問題)  [in Japanese] Toward an Understanding of the Russian Intelligentsia : Comment on Ivanov-Razumnik's "What is the Intelligentsia?"(Problems of Methodology)  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

Ivanov-Razumnik (1878-1946) was a Russian historian of the populist trend. In his "What is the Intelligentsia?", Ivanov-Razumnik regarded the intelligentsia as a certain successive group pertaining to 'no estate' (внесословность) and 'no class' (внеклассовость). The Russian marxists, such as Lenin and Stalin, also insisted that the intelligentsia was not a distinct social class, but a social layer. Nevertheless, in attempting to account for the Russian intelligentsia, it is neccessary for us to make a thoroughgoing revision of our usual notions of class, and to make provision for a "class" held together only by the bond of consciousness or moral passion. Ivanov-Razumnik rightly pointed out that "anti-meshchanstvo", a kind of consciousness or moral passion, was one of the principal characteristics of the intelligentsia, but he remained in chains of recognized system of social analysis, and it did not, therefore, prompt him to regard the intelligentsia as a "class". The important is the approach to the problem. The classical approach to the problem of the intelligentsia has been through analytical abstraction. Ivanov-Razumnik was the same. He made an approach to the problem from concept to history. First he pointed out the fundamental characteristics of the concept intelligentsia, and then, in the logical connection with the concept, he explained the fundamental content of the history of the intelligentsia. Instead we should examine the concrete historical conditions under which this historical phenomenon, the intelligentsia, emerged. In following this approach to the historical development of the Russian intelligentsia, we may find the formation of what can only be termed a separate social category, indeed, a "class". Most writers on the problem have concluded that the Russian revolutionary movement in its various phases was a "gentry", a "bourgeois" and a "proletarian" phenomenon. However, the emancipation from the bondage of our usual notions of class will open such a new horizon before us, as that the Russian revolutionary movement was essentially an "intelligentsia" revolution.

Ivanov-Razumnik (1878-1946) was a Russian historian of the populist trend. In his "What is the Intelligentsia?", Ivanov-Razumnik regarded the intelligentsia as a certain successive group pertaining to 'no estate' (внесословность) and 'no class' (внеклассовость). The Russian marxists, such as Lenin and Stalin, also insisted that the intelligentsia was not a distinct social class, but a social layer. Nevertheless, in attempting to account for the Russian intelligentsia, it is neccessary for us to make a thoroughgoing revision of our usual notions of class, and to make provision for a "class" held together only by the bond of consciousness or moral passion. Ivanov-Razumnik rightly pointed out that "anti-meshchanstvo", a kind of consciousness or moral passion, was one of the principal characteristics of the intelligentsia, but he remained in chains of recognized system of social analysis, and it did not, therefore, prompt him to regard the intelligentsia as a "class". The important is the approach to the problem. The classical approach to the problem of the intelligentsia has been through analytical abstraction. Ivanov-Razumnik was the same. He made an approach to the problem from concept to history. First he pointed out the fundamental characteristics of the concept intelligentsia, and then, in the logical connection with the concept, he explained the fundamental content of the history of the intelligentsia. Instead we should examine the concrete historical conditions under which this historical phenomenon, the intelligentsia, emerged. In following this approach to the historical development of the Russian intelligentsia, we may find the formation of what can only be termed a separate social category, indeed, a "class". Most writers on the problem have concluded that the Russian revolutionary movement in its various phases was a "gentry", a "bourgeois" and a "proletarian" phenomenon. However, the emancipation from the bondage of our usual notions of class will open such a new horizon before us, as that the Russian revolutionary movement was essentially an "intelligentsia" revolution.

Journal

  • Essays and studies by members of Tokyo Woman's Christian College

    Essays and studies by members of Tokyo Woman's Christian College 15(2), 41-61, 1965-03-01

    Tokyo Woman's Christian University

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110005053234
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00161630
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    Departmental Bulletin Paper
  • Journal Type
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    04934350
  • NDL Article ID
    794102
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZV1(一般学術誌--一般学術誌・大学紀要)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z22-401
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS  IR 
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