極小国際機構と紛争 : グレナダ侵攻を事例として [in Japanese] Mini-International Organizations and International Conflict : The Case of Intervention in Grenada [in Japanese]
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The purpose of this paper is to study the behaviors of miniinternational organizations in the face of intervention in Grenada. The four international organizations related to this case are the United Nations (UN), the Organization of American States (OAS), the Caribbean Community, the Organization of Eastern Carribean States (OECS). After World War II these two reasons to set up the mini-international organizations could be found: One was decolonization and the other was the institutionalization of international societies. In the Carribean basin, many mini-states which became independent from England could not, however, reach full independence. The various remaining colonial institutions became international organs in mini-international organizations. For example the member states of the OECS share the common organs of this international organization. Thus a political accident in one of these member states means an accident for all the member of the OECS immediately. When OECS invaded Grenada, the Caribbean Community could not take any action on it. Because some of the member states participated in invading Grenada, while the other states protested against this invasion. The OAS did not adopt any resolution, and they did not give any support to this invasion. In the UN, the majority of member states criticized this invasion, and then adopted a resolution to condemn this invasion. In the process of conflict resolution, each international organization showed different reactions. These organizations took actions based on political judgement, further they distributed their political roles. To endanger the roles of these international organizations was out of order. From the view point of a theory of International Organizations, the role of the mini-international organizations in the international conflict should be positively estimated. It would be important, however, to consider mini-international organizations in the process of conflict resolution by all the international organizations.
- Journal of international liberal arts
Journal of international liberal arts (2), 21-56, 1992-10-01
Keiai University and Chiba Keiai Junior College