Rice Cultivation in Southern Vietnam (1880-1954) : A Re-evaluation of Land Productivity in Asian Perspective(Part I Contributed Paper)

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The conventional interpretation of Asia's agricultural transformation during the 20th century is that land productivity and land/labor ratios, which were both initially comparatively low, increased as a result of technological change. Data available for a number of Asian countries have usually been interpreted as showing as a land-replacing path described as the 'Ishikawa-curve' (Ishikawa 1981). However, as Van der Eng (2004) has shown, Ishikawa's interpretation is biased towards East Asia, providing an adequate description of the experience of Japan, Taiwan, and Korea but not of the mainland Southeast Asian countries. He produces evidence that the land/labor ratio was much lower in Japan than in Mainland Southeast Asia. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the yield series implied by late 19th century official sources and by micro-data collected by the French colonial administration, and to propose a re-evaluation of paddy output. The results show that, in southern Vietnam, initial conditions were not only characterized by high land/labor ratios but also by comparatively high land productivity, and therefore high level of labor productivity. It appears, therefore, that the path of southern Vietnam's transformation of rice cultivation differs markedly from the received wisdom expressed by the 'Ishikawa-curve'.

The conventional interpretation of Asia's agricultural transformation during the 20th century is that land productivity and land/labor ratios, which were both initially comparatively low, increased as a result of technological change. Data available for a number of Asian countries have usually been interpreted as showing as a land-replacing path described as the 'Ishikawa-curve' (Ishikawa 1981). However, as Van der Eng (2004) has shown, Ishikawa's interpretation is biased towards East Asia, providing an adequate description of the experience of Japan, Taiwan, and Korea but not of the mainland Southeast Asian countries. He produces evidence that the land/labor ratio was much lower in Japan than in Mainland Southeast Asia. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the yield series implied by late 19th century official sources and by micro-data collected by the French colonial administration, and to propose a re-evaluation of paddy output. The results show that, in southern Vietnam, initial conditions were not only characterized by high land/labor ratios but also by comparatively high land productivity, and therefore high level of labor productivity. It appears, therefore, that the path of southern Vietnam's transformation of rice cultivation differs markedly from the received wisdom expressed by the 'Ishikawa-curve'.

収録刊行物

  • 経済志林

    経済志林 73(4), 3-38, 2006-03-03

    法政大学

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    110005944388
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN00071028
  • 本文言語コード
    ENG
  • 資料種別
    Departmental Bulletin Paper
  • 雑誌種別
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    00229741
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    7860839
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZD11(経済--経済学)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z3-223
  • データ提供元
    NDL  NII-ELS  IR 
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