犯行動機の構成と成員カテゴリー化実践:いわゆる「足利事件」における精神鑑定をめぐって  [in Japanese] Social Construction of Motive and Membership Categorization:On Psychiatric Assessment in the "Ashikaga Case"  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

本稿の目的は,いわゆる「足利事件」の法廷において,事件の理解可能性がいかなる実践を通じて成立しているのかを明らかにすることにある.1990年5月,栃木県足利市で4歳の女の子が行方不明となり,扼殺死体となって発見される.この事件で逮捕・起訴されたSさんは,一審の途中までは,犯行を認めていたが,控訴審以降は,無罪を主張するようになった.だが,一審でなされた精神鑑定によって,Sさんは「代償性小児性愛者」と診断され,これが事件の動機と認定されていた.そして,そのような成員カテゴリー化実践が,控訴審以後においても,かれを犯人として事件を理解することを可能にしている.つまり,Sさんの犯行を前提に,それに適合的なものとして構成された動機が,かれが否認した後も,その属性として脱文脈化され,かれは<動機を有する真犯人>と理解されたのである.本稿では,動機の語彙論(C.W.ミルズ)と成員カテゴリー化分析(H.サックス)を架橋することによって,犯行動機の構成と行為者への成員カテゴリー化が相互反映的な関係にあることを論じるとともに,法廷場面における精神鑑定の用法が含んでいる問題とその帰結を経験的に指摘する.

The purpose of this paper is to explicate the logic through which intelligibility of a murder case is achieved in the trial of the so-called "Ashikaga Case" from the perspective of ethnomethodologically informed constructionism. In May 1990, a four year old girl went missing and was found murdered. Mr. S was arrested as a suspect in the case and then prosecuted. In the first instance, he admitted his guilt and there was no apparent disagreement as to whether he had killed the girl. He was categorized as a "pedophile" in psychiatric assessment, which made it accountable that he had the motive for the crime. But, after having received a verdict of guilty, he appealed to a higher court and affirmed that he was innocent. Although, during the appeal hearing, there is explicit disagreement as to whether he had committed the crime, motive attribution and membership categorization having done in the first instance still made it accountable that he was the murderer. Building bridges between C. W. Mills' ideas about vocabularies of motive and ethnomethodological membership categorization analysis originated from H. Sacks, our focus is on the reflexive constitutive relation between membership category and motive as its predicate. And also, we try to empirically point out the problems with the usage of psychiatric assessment in court and its consequence.

Journal

  • Japanese Journal of Sociological Criminology

    Japanese Journal of Sociological Criminology 28(0), 68-81, 2003

    Japanese Association of Sociological Criminology

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110006153645
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0386-460X
  • Data Source
    NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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