高校生を対象とした英単語親密度の調査--話し言葉のデータベースから [in Japanese] A research on high school students' ratings of word familiarity: based on spoken language database [in Japanese]
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This study reports word familiarity ratings of English words by Japanese high school students. Word familiarity indicates how subjectively familiar a particular word is. It is more than probable that word familiarity ratings as well as word frequency ratings reflect language learners'linguistic knowledge and experience. The present survey was conducted to obtain students'ratings of word familiarity. 121 high school students performed a word familiarity-rating task in which they rated their familiarity with a printed list of English words on a 7-point scale. The word list was a random sample of 300 words selected from a database of spoken language of native speakers of English, based on word frequencies in The Bergen Corpus of London Teenage Language (COLT). There appeared to be some rank correlation between word familiarity ratings and word frequency ratings(rs=0.601, p<0.001). It also turned out that there were some high familiarity words that were labeled as low frequency ones and vice versa. From the findings in the present study, it is deemed desirable to use word familiarity in addition to word frequency in developing word lists for language learners, because subjective word familiarity covers the shortcomings of word frequency. Future research must more deliberately determine how word familiarity functions in various Japanese EFL learners.
- Memoirs of Osaka Kyoiku University. V, Curricula and methods of education and allied subjects
Memoirs of Osaka Kyoiku University. V, Curricula and methods of education and allied subjects 55(1), 1-15, 2006-09
Osaka Kyoiku University