Note on CAUSE in Nivkh
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The language Nivkh has a suffix -gu/-ku, which makes a causative structure with double active actors as Causer and Causee. The Causee is marked by a special case -ax. The suffix also functions to derive transitive from intransitive verbs, but the -gu/-ku^derivative is causative only if they co-occur with a causee, otherwise simply transitive. In the majority of transitive-intransitive verb pairs, the derivative transitive verbs are not causative, but correlate with their intransitive counterparts in many other types of causality which involves no causee.
- Journal of Chiba University Eurasian Society
Journal of Chiba University Eurasian Society (9), 1-30, 2006-10-10