Obesity and Cardiovascular Risk Factors among Men and Women Aged 40 Years and Older in a Rural Area of Japan

Search this Article

Author(s)

    • AOYAGI Kiyoshi
    • Department of Public Health, Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences
    • KUSANO Yosuke
    • Human Service and Community Development, Nagasaki Wesleyan University
    • TAKAMURA Noboru
    • Department of Public Health, Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences
    • ABE Yasuyo
    • Department of Public Health, Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences
    • OSAKI Makoto
    • Department of Public Health, Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences
    • UNE Hiroshi
    • Department of Hygiene and Preventive Medicine, Fukuoka University School of Medicine

Abstract

Obesity is one of the most common health problems, and is recognized worldwide as an “escalating epidemic.” For the establishment of an obesity-prevention strategy in Japan, it is important to assess the association between obesity and cardiovascular risk factors. Therefore, we conducted anthropometric measures of obesity and investigated the association of obesity with cardiovascular risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipidemia among community-dwelling men (<i>N</i>=85) and women (<i>N</i>=173) aged 40 years and older. Height, weight, and waist circumference (WC) were measured, and body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Subjects with a BMI≥25 kg/m<sup>2</sup> were considered obese (BMI obesity), while men with a WC≥85 cm and women with a WC≥90 cm were classified as obese (WC obesity). In the present study, we defined ‘obesity’ as a BMI≥25 kg/m<sup>2</sup> or a WC≥85 cm for men, and a BMI≥25 kg/m<sup>2</sup> or a WC≥90 cm for women. The results of an age- and sex-adjusted logistic regression analysis indicated that BMI obesity was associated with dyslipidemia (<i>p</i>=0.04), WC obesity was associated with dyslipidemia (<i>p</i>=0.07), and ‘obesity’ was associated with diabetes (<i>p</i>=0.06) and dyslipidemia (<i>p</i>=0.01). These results emphasize the importance of preventing obesity in Japan. Therefore, healthcare professionals should measure BMI and WC in order to enhance their assessment of cardiovascular risk.

Journal

  • Journal of PHYSIOLOGICAL ANTHROPOLOGY

    Journal of PHYSIOLOGICAL ANTHROPOLOGY 25(6), 371-375, 2006-11-01

    Japan Society of Physiological Anthropology

References:  27

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110006200723
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11462444
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Article Type
    ART
  • ISSN
    18806791
  • Data Source
    CJP  NII-ELS  IR  J-STAGE  NDL-Digital 
Page Top