日本語の文法化の形態論的側面(<特集>日本語における文法化・機能語化)  [in Japanese] The Morphological Aspect of Grammaticalization in Japanese(<Special Issue>Grammaticalization in Japanese)  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

自立語または統語構造が付属語化,接尾辞化していくという形態的過程が文法化論の出発点となっているが,現在行われている文法化論はむしろ意味・機能面に集中している。そして,特に形態変化が豊富な日本語においては,形態変化のあり方,とりわけ形態変化の規則性は明確に記述されているとは言えない。本稿は,日本語の文法化における形態的側面に焦点を当て,動詞活用・派生体系の形態変化に基づいて四つの原則,つまり(1)(自立語の)接尾辞化,(2)形態的統合,(3)音韻的短縮,(4)活用語尾化が働いていると指摘する。こうした原則を特定するために音韻的にも厳密な形態論を使用する必要があると論じる。また,最後に,原則に反する形態変化の例を取り上げ,そこに「外適応」と「類推」のプロセスが働いていることを示す。

Suffixation and auxiliation of morphologically independent words and syntactic structures has been recognized as one of the most salient features of grammaticalization from early on. However, mainly for theory-internal reasons, most contemporary studies of grammaticalization rather focus on semantic and pragmatic features of the process. With respect to Japanese this is rather unfortunate, because the language offers abundant material for the study of the morphological aspect of grammaticalization. In this paper, I will show that four general rules can be observed in the grammaticalization of morphemes in verb morphology: (1) suffixation of originally morphologically independent material, (2) fusion of morphemes, (3) phonological reduction, and (4) conversion of derivational suffixes into inflectional suffixes. Although these processes are very well known in grammaticalization theory, it is crucial to remember that they can only be pinned down concretely with the help of a rigorous methodology. I further point out that two processes, namely analogy and exaptation, are at work in exceptions to the above-mentioned rules.

Journal

  • Studies in the Japanese Language

    Studies in the Japanese Language 1(3), 108-122, 2005

    The Society for Japanese Linguistics

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110006218822
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11998386
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    特集
  • ISSN
    1349-5119
  • NDL Article ID
    7407503
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZK22(言語・文学--日本語・日本文学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z71-M894
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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