平安和文会話文における連体形終止文  [in Japanese] The Final-Attributive in Heian Japanese Conversational Texts  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

平安時代の和文資料における会話文をもとに終止形終止、連体形終止、ナム・ゾ共起係り結びの三者を比較分析した結果、以下のような連体形終止の特徴が見出された。1.動詞文では感情・思考・知覚動詞が多く、具体性のある現在時の事柄や話者の評価・解説を述べる場合に多い。2.形容詞文では属性的形容詞は見られず、情緒的形容詞に偏る。3.助動詞文では(1)感情・思考(2)過去・完了(3)推量(4)否定(5)断定の順に多い。これらの諸特徴から、連体形終止文の表現性の本質は発話者に情報の絶対的優位性があることを示すものであるという結論に至った。

This paper examines the nature of Final-Attributive sentences in Heian Japanese conversational texts, in comparison with sentences ending in the canonical Conclusive form and the Focus Concord construction (kakarimusubi) used with particles namu and zo. The following three results were obtained: (a) The Final-Attributive form is often found with verbs of emotion, thought, or perception in sentences relating concrete events or the speaker's evaluation/comments. (b) It is often found with adjectives denoting emotion but not with adjectives denoting properties. (c) It is found with auxiliary verbs denoting (1) emotion/thought, (2) past/perfect, (3) conjecture, (4) negation, (5) assertion, in decreasing order. In conclusion, the Final-Attributive in conversational texts of Heian Japanese is considered to be a form which indicates that the information is in the speaker's territory.

Journal

  • Studies in the Japanese Language

    Studies in the Japanese Language 1(4), 16-31, 2005

    The Society for Japanese Linguistics

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110006218849
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11998386
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1349-5119
  • NDL Article ID
    7677361
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZK22(言語・文学--日本語・日本文学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z71-M894
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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