現代語の感動文の構造 : 「なんと」型感動文の構造をめぐって  [in Japanese] The Structure of Modern Japanese Exclamatory Sentences: On the Structure of the Nanto-Type Sentence  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

現代語の感動文の研究において感動文とされるのは,感動喚体句の形式をもっと考えられている文(本稿ではA型と呼ぶ)であり,「なんと〜だろう!」の形式による文は,多くの先行研究で疑問文の周辺にあるものと扱われてきた。しかし,本稿では「なんと〜だろう!」の形式による文の特徴として,(1)「なんと」は不定語としては機能していない,(2)「なんと」は属性概念を持つ語と体言の両方を要求するため,「なんと〜だろう!」の形式による文は必ず文中にコトを構成する, (3)「なんと」と共起する「だろう」等の判断辞は,判断辞としての意味の対立をもたず,その意味の変質に伴い接続形態も変化している,以上のことを明らかにした。さらに,「なんと」形式による文は,形式,表現ともにA型と対応していることを指摘し,感動文であることを述べた。

While many preceding studies have regarded kando-kantai sentences (an exclamatory sentence typically ending in a bare noun such as utukusii hana 'beautiful flower !', referred to as A-type sentence in this paper) as a type of exclamatory sentence, sentences bracketed with nanto and daroo (such as nanto utsutkushii hana daroo 'what a beautiful flower !', referred to as the nanto-type sentence in this paper) have been regarded as a peripheral kind of interrogative sentence, despite it being an attempt to project the emotion of the speaker. This paper suggests that the form and function of the nanto-type sentence correspond to those of the A-type sentence, which leads to the conclusion that the former is not an interrogative but an exclamatory sentence. Specifically, the paper shows that the nanto-type sentence is characterized by the following three points: (1) nanto does not function as an interrogative; (2) nanto must accompany a noun with a modifier phrase expressing an attribute, which indicates that the nanto-type sentence is the phrasal nominal; and (3) the markers -daroo, -ka, and -da, which usually encode the illocutionary force of a declarative, lose this function when they co-occur with nanto; consequently, the categorical selection of -daroo is limited to nominal phrases.

Journal

  • Studies in the Japanese Language

    Studies in the Japanese Language 2(1), 16-31, 2006

    The Society for Japanese Linguistics

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110006239281
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11998386
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1349-5119
  • NDL Article ID
    7783321
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZK22(言語・文学--日本語・日本文学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z71-M894
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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