Effect of nitrogen supply on nitrogen and carbohydrate constituent accumulation in rhizomes and storage roots of Curcuma alismatifolia Gagnep

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Author(s)

Abstract

Curcuma (Curcuma alismatifolia cv. Gagnep.), a tropical flowering plant known as "Siam tulip", were cultivated in a pot with vermiculite and supplied with different levels of nitrogen (N). Rhizomes with storage roots were harvested at 215 days after planting. Results indicated that a high level of N supply increased flower numbers and promoted continuous new rhizome formation, but storage root growth was depressed. The N supply to the plants increased the N concentrations both in the rhizomes and in the storage roots. The predominant nitrogenous compounds related to total N increase were proteins in the rhizomes. The N of the insoluble fraction of 80% ethanol or the N of the soluble fraction of 10% trichloroacetic acid was the predominant fraction of N that accumulated in the storage roots. A lack of N supply increased the starch concentration both in the rhizomes and in the storage roots. These results suggested that a high level of N supply to the curcuma plant increased new rhizome formation because of increased flower numbers, but depressed new storage root formation because of reduced starch accumulation.

Journal

  • Soil Science and Plant Nutrition

    Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 52(6), 711-716, 2006-12-01

    Japanese Society of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition

References:  17

Cited by:  1

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110006251080
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA00844314
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    00380768
  • NDL Article ID
    8563771
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZR7(科学技術--農林水産--農産)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z53-G349
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  NDL  NII-ELS 
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