科学技術動員と研究隣組 : 第二次大戦下日本の共同研究  [in Japanese] The mobilization of science and technology and 'the Research Neighborhood Groups': research collaboration in Japan during World War II  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

This article explores the activities of the Research Neighborhood Groups (kenkyu tonarigumi) in the context of the mobilization of science and technology during World War II, and throws light upon their influence on research collaboration in postwar Japan. Although research collaboration has recently attracted academic attention as a factor in the competitive ability of Japanese industry, its history has not yet been fully researched. The Research Neighborhood Groups scheme played a unique and symbolic role in research collaboration activities of various kinds during the War because the aim was to organize research collaboration over the length and breadth of the country. It was planned by the Cabinet Technology Agency and carried out by its extra-governmental organization. The groups were in principle organized by young and promising researchers on the same special subject. The total number of researchers enrolled rose to about 3,000. Three typical examples, the vacuum tube, and vitamin and statistical quality control groups, clearly had decisive influence on the research collaboration activities which took their place after the war. The activities of the Research Neighborhood Groups scheme built connections between researchers belonging to various institutions which went on to provide a secure basis for successful research collaboration in postwar Japan.

Journal

  • SOCIO-ECONOMIC HISTORY

    SOCIO-ECONOMIC HISTORY 68(5), 501-522, 2003

    THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC HISTORY SOCIETY

Cited by:  2

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110006251335
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00406090
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    0038-0113
  • NDL Article ID
    6528396
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZD12(経済--経済学--経済史)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z3-408
  • Data Source
    CJPref  NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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