Increased Chromosome Instability and Accumulation of DNA Double-strand Breaks in Werner Syndrome Cells

Author(s)

    • Suzuki Keiji SUZUKI Keiji
    • Division of Radiation Biology, Department of Radiology and Radiation Biology, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki University
    • WATANABE Masami
    • Laboratory of Radiation Biology, Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University
    • KODAMA Seiji
    • Radiation Biology Laboratory, Radiation Research Center, Frontier Science Innovation Center, Organization for University-Industry-Government Cooperation, Osaka Prefecture University

Abstract

Werner syndrome (WS) is a premature aging syndrome caused by mutations of the <i>WRN</i> gene. Here, we demonstrate that a strain of WS fibroblast cells shows abnormal karyotypes characterized by several complex translocations and 50-fold more frequency of abnormal metaphases including dicentric chromosomes without fragments than normal cells when examined at a similar culture stage. Further, telomere fluorescence in situ hybridization indicates that the abnormal signals, extra telomere signal and loss of telomere signal, emerge two- to three-fold more frequently in WS cells than in normal cells. Taken together, these results indicate that chromosome instability including dysfunction of telomere maintenance is more prominent in WS cells than in normal cells. In addition, the accumulation of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) at the G<sub>1</sub> phase, including those at telomeres, detected by phosphorylated ATM (ataxia telangiectasia mutated) foci is accelerated in WS cells even at a low senescence level. The increased accumulation of DSBs in WS cells is reduced in the presence of anti-oxidative agents, suggesting that enhanced oxidative stress in WS cells is involved in accelerated accumulation of DSBs. These results indicate that WS cells are prone to accumulate DSBs spontaneously due to a defect of WRN, which leads to increased chromosome instability that could activate checkpoints, resulting in accelerated senescence.<br>

Journal

  • Journal of Radiation Research

    Journal of Radiation Research 48(3), 219-231, 2007-06-30

    Journal of Radiation Research Editorial Committee

References:  52

Cited by:  1

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110006278197
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA00705792
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    04493060
  • NDL Article ID
    8743316
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZS45(科学技術--医学--放射線医学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z53-P232
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  NDL  NII-ELS  IR  J-STAGE  NDL-Digital 
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