現代家族の孤独と死生観(<特集>医学と心理学) Loneliness and view of life-and-death in modern families(<Special Issue>Medical Science and Psychology)
The form of families has changed in the stages of civilization, and the view on the families has also varied a lot. Therefore, various cases of family pathology occur. So it can be said that modern families are now on the edge of crisis. The present study was intended to clarify the psychological problems within modern families, asking 208 male university students, 82 female university students, their 193 fathers, and 202 mothers to complete the questionnaire. From the answers to the question about "When do you feel peace on mind?" and "What is the condition in order to become happy?", Samples were divided into four types on the point of collectivism (to family and/or friends) and individualism (to himself). And the relations were examined among those types, feeling of loneliness, having a purpose in life, and death perspectives. As a result, the following were found. Both male and female university students strongly intend to be individualistic, as compared with their parents. Fathers, who have supported high growth of Japanese economy, have notably strong feeling of loneliness. Individualism is closely related to feeling of loneliness, lack of purose in life, and negative view of life-and-death. And also this study showed that the desolation of heart can be eased only where religious rites are practiced in a family. With this result, it became evident that in order to release a family from the burden of individualism, family members need to hold the common point of view which goes beyond the daily living.
社会心理学研究 8(3), 159-169, 1993