対人的葛藤の解決過程の分析(2) : 個人の反応パターンのタイプとその個人特性 The analysis of the resolution process in various interpersonal conflict situations (2) : The types of individual response patterns to the conflict situations and their individual characteristics
The purpose of this study is to analyse the types of individual response patterns to conflict situations, and their individual characteristics. 360 Japanese housewives were asked how they felt about, and how they dealt with conflict situations between themselves and their neighbours, friends and spouses, in the five successive conflict processes. In this study, the following results were found: (1) Four types of individual response patterns were found; Consistently hardline (4.6%), Consistently flexible (53.5%), Consistently ignoring (7.9%), Situationally correspondent (31.5%). (2) The consistently flexible and the situationally correspondent types amounted 85% in all, while the consistently hardline and the consistently ignoring ones were very few. This indicates that Japanese housewives tend to cope moderately with the conflict situations. (3) Using the analysis of Hayashi's Theory of Quantification, the consistently flexible and the situationally correspondent types were different in terms of their individual characteristics. In other words, the former type consists of those who have traditional values and lifestyles, while the latter type have modern values and lifestyles.
社会心理学研究 8(3), 222-234, 1993