科学計量学の手法(<特集>研究・技術計画/政策科学のメソドロジー) Methodology of Scientometrics(<Special Reports>METHODOLOGIES FOR SCIENCE POLICY AND RESEARCH MANAGEMENT STUDIES)

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著者

    • 藤垣 裕子 FUJIGAKI Yuko
    • 東京大学大学院総合文化研究科 Department of Systems Sciences, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, University of Tokyo

抄録

The article reviews scientometrics as a methodology for policy science. Science and technology policy necessitates measurement and evaluation of the current scientific activities in order to develop future steps. Scientometrics, which studies methods, objects and effectiveness of measuring scientific activities, should therefore be an important constituent of policy science. The term "scientometrics" was coined after "psychometrics" and "sociometrics", which share quantitative view of the subject of study. The present work first shows how scientometrics differs from bibliometrics or library and information science to indicate the need of a theory on what aspect of scientific activity is measured quantitatively. It then presents a historical overview of scientometrics in four phases: pre-history, establishment of the principle, development and institutionalization of indicators, and application to evaluation. The article further reviews practical methods including analysis of the number of reports, citation and co-citation analysis, term and co-term analysis, and forming and combination of indicators. Discussion on the possibility of and potential issues on quantification concludes the article.

収録刊行物

  • 研究 技術 計画

    研究 技術 計画 21(2), 149-155, 2007

    研究・イノベーション学会

参考文献:  19件中 1-19件 を表示

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    110006366660
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN1030142X
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    REV
  • ISSN
    0914-7020
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    8919800
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZM1(科学技術--科学技術一般)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z14-1368
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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