第三帝国における「経済の脱ユダヤ化」関連重要法令(1)  [in Japanese] Important Laws and Regulations relating to the 'Entjudung of Economy' in the Third Reich (I)  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

    • 山本 達夫 YAMAMOTO Tatsuo
    • 東亜大学総合人間・文化学部比較文化学研究室 Division of Comparative Culture, Faculty of Integrated Cultures and Humanities, University of East Asia

Abstract

「経済の脱ユダヤ化」とは、第三帝国における経済活動からのユダヤ人の排除をいう。経済活動からのユダヤ人の排除は1933年のナチ党による政権掌握以来、比較的無秩序に行なわれていたが、国家指導部がこれに積極的に関与しはじめた1937年後半以降、一定の政策として遂行されるようになった。政策としての「経済の脱ユダヤ化」は、ユダヤ経営の閉鎖・清算、またはドイツ人への所有権の譲渡(「アーリア化」)という形で行なわれた。経済・社会の広範囲に渡って影響が及ぶこの政策の遂行には、第三帝国の多くの組織・機関が関わり、ユダヤ経営とユダヤ人の運命を決定していったのである。これらの組織・機関が、個々の事例の処理にあたって判断の拠り所にしたのが、国家指導部が出した諸法令であった。だが、これらの法令の全てが公にされたわけではない。『ライヒ官報』や『ライヒ内務省報』で公布されたものもあるが、しかし一般的な法令の「施行細則」としてこの政策の実際の処理過程を規定していたのは、「回覧通達」をはじめとする非公開の指令や内部文書であった。したがって「経済の脱ユダヤ化」政策の具体的な遂行過程を把握するためには、これらの文書の分析が不可欠である。ここに史料として訳出するのは、そうした文書を含む「経済の脱ユダヤ化」関連法令のうち、とくに重要なものである。その多くは文書館史料であり、わが国では初めて紹介されるものである。 : 'Entjudung of economy' is the term used to describe the elimination of Jews from economic activities during the Third Reich. The drving out of Jews from the economy spontaneously began to occur after the 'Machtergreifung' (the Nazi's coming into power) in January, 1993, though it was rather disorderly. However, by late 1937 the government began to officially promote this practice by turning it into state policy. As state policy, 'Ebtjudung of economy' was carried out using one of the following two methods : the closing or liquidation of Jewish firms, or the tuansfering of their ownership to Germans (Arisierung/Aryanization). The implementation of this policy had many famification on Jewish society and economy. Many organization and institutions in the Third Reich participated in this policy, thereby determining the business and destiny of the Jews. It was through laws and regulations issued by the Nazi government that they made decisions for each 'Entjudung' case. Not all this laws and regulations were announced publicly, however. Indeed, some were promulgated in the 'Reich-Gazette' (Reichsgesetzblatt) or the 'Gazette for the Ministry of the Interior' (Reichsgesetzblatt fur die Innere Verwaltung), but it was the enforcement ordinances of which the masses were unaware, such as unpublished orders and secret memorandums, which substantially described the procedures of 'Entjudung' policy. Therefore, the analysis of these documents is essential to understanding the logistics of the 'Entjudung of economy' as a process. Texts quoted here are from among those documents mentioned above, thus they are part of the laws and regulations relating to the 'Entjudung of economy.' Many of these important documents are from German archives and have been introduced to Janpan for the first time.

'Entjudung of economy' is the term used to describe the elimination of Jews from economic activities during the Third Reich. The drving out of Jews from the economy spontaneously began to occur after the 'Machtergreifung' (the Nazi's coming into power) in January, 1993, though it was rather disorderly. However, by late 1937 the government began to officially promote this practice by turning it into state policy. As state policy, 'Ebtjudung of economy' was carried out using one of the following two methods : the closing or liquidation of Jewish firms, or the tuansfering of their ownership to Germans (Arisierung/Aryanization). The implementation of this policy had many famification on Jewish society and economy. Many organization and institutions in the Third Reich participated in this policy, thereby determining the business and destiny of the Jews. It was through laws and regulations issued by the Nazi government that they made decisions for each 'Entjudung' case. Not all this laws and regulations were announced publicly, however. Indeed, some were promulgated in the 'Reich-Gazette' (Reichsgesetzblatt) or the 'Gazette for the Ministry of the Interior' (Reichsgesetzblatt fur die Innere Verwaltung), but it was the enforcement ordinances of which the masses were unaware, such as unpublished orders and secret memorandums, which substantially described the procedures of 'Entjudung' policy. Therefore, the analysis of these documents is essential to understanding the logistics of the 'Entjudung of economy' as a process. Texts quoted here are from among those documents mentioned above, thus they are part of the laws and regulations relating to the 'Entjudung of economy.' Many of these important documents are from German archives and have been introduced to Janpan for the first time.

Journal

  • Toua journal of human science

    Toua journal of human science 2(1), 53-70, 2002-03

    University of East Asia

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110006389899
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11548222
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    departmental bulletin paper
  • Journal Type
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    13461850
  • NDL Article ID
    6234885
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZV1(一般学術誌--一般学術誌・大学紀要)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z71-F14
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS  IR 
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