ブロッコリー花蕾における貯蔵中のクロロフィル分解物生成に及ぼす高温処理の影響 Effect of Heat Treatment on Catabolites Formation in Relation to Chlorophyll Degradation during Storage of Broccoli (Brassica olearacea L. Italica Group) Florets

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Author(s)

Abstract

The effects of heat treatment on the formation of chlorophyll (Chl) derivatives and Chl-degrading enzyme activities in stored broccoli (Brassica oleracea L. Italica Group 'Ryokutei') florets were determined. The Chl a level barely changed during heat treatment, but each Chl a derivative level changed. Chlorophyllide (Chlide) a, pheophorbide (Pheide) a, C13^2-hydroxychlorophyll (C13_2-OHChl) a, Chl a', an isomer of Chl a, and pheophytin (Phy) a were detected as a Chl derivative during heat treatment and during storage after treatment. Chlide a, Pheide a, and C13^2-OHChl a levels decreased during 2-h heat treatment (50℃), whereas Chl a' and Phy a levels increased. Chl-degrading enzyme activities, in particular, Mg-dechelation activity, were effectively suppressed after 2h of heat treatment. The content of Chls a and b in control broccoli florets decreased greatly during storage at 15℃, while the content in heat-treated broccoli florets hardly changed at all. In Chl derivatives, the Pheide a level in broccoli florets treated with or without heat treatment, especially the former, increased appreciably during storage. The Chlide a level in control florets decreased markedly during storage. On the other hand, the Chlide a level in heat-treated broccoli florets did not change during storage. Mg-dechelation activity in control florets markedly increased after 4 days of storage at 15℃, but the enhancement of the activity was suppressed by heat treatment. These findings suggest that Chl derivatives, especially Pheide a, are accumulated as intermediates in heat-treated broccoli florets, and Mg-dechelating action, in conjunction with that of chlorophyllase and Chl-degrading peroxidase, could be involved in Chl degradation in stored broccoli florets.

Journal

  • Journal of the Japanese Society for Horticultural Science

    Journal of the Japanese Society for Horticultural Science 76(4), 338-344, 2007-10-01

    Japanese Society for Horticultural Science

References:  25

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110006420413
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA12177046
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Article Type
    ART
  • ISSN
    18823351
  • NDL Article ID
    8943232
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZR7(科学技術--農林水産--農産)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z78-A456
  • Data Source
    CJP  NDL  NII-ELS  IR  NDL-Digital 
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