民族音楽学と実証的音楽学  [in Japanese] Ethnomusicology and empirical musicology  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

Abstract

本稿は、筆者が2006年4月から7月までロンドン大学に滞在して行った特別研修の報告である(音楽学部特別研修制度についての申し合わせ第11項の規定による)。研修によって得た多くの知見や情報のうち、特に、エリック・クラーク、ニコラス・クック共編『実証的音楽学:目的、方法、展望』は筆者にとって多くの刺激があり、今後の本学における民族音楽学の教育にも有用であると思われるので、同書の紹介を中心に、欧米の潮流や日本での現状を踏まえつつ、これからの民族音楽学の方法論について考えを述べたい。

This article is a reports of one aspect of my studies during the academic visit to SOAS (School of Oriental and African Studies), London University from April to July 2006. The most interesting book that I read in the term was Empirical Musicology : Aims, Methods, Prospects edited by Eric Clarke and Nicholas Cook. It lead me to a reaffirmation about the importance of empiricity in ethnomusicological study. What is empirical musicology? The editors say in their book, "There is no useful distinction to be drawn between empirical and non-empirical musicology, because there can be no such thing as a truly non-empirical musicology, " and say, "Empirical musicology can be thought of as musicology that embodies a principled awareness of both the potential to engage with large bodies of relevant data, and the appropriate methods for achieving this." I think the issue is how it is possible to guarantee the reproduction or the retracability of the procedure of a given research to other researchers. The book introduces some empirical methods : 1) Participant-observational fieldwork is the most effective way to obtain a viewpoint as an insider. 2) The study of performance is available by the use of a personal computer with MIDI or with other software for the acoustical analysis----pich extraction, sound spectrum and others. 3) The internet makes possible the sharing of databases. The Humdrum toolkit, useful for the analytical studies of scores, is available through the internet and accessible to anybody.

Journal

  • Bulletin,Okinawa Prefectural University of Arts

    Bulletin,Okinawa Prefectural University of Arts (15), 77-83, 2007

    Okinawa Prefectural University of Arts

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110006424725
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN10407599
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Journal Type
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    09188924
  • NDL Article ID
    8827625
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZK1(芸術)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z11-2615
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS 
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