乗っ取られた同化政策:――スハルト体制の内務省と対華人政策――  [in Japanese] Depoliticizing the Chinese Issue::A Reconsideration of the Suharto-era Assimilation Policy  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

    • 相沢 伸広 Aizawa Nobuhiro
    • 日本貿易振興機構アジア経済研究所 Institute of Developing Economies-Japan External Trade Organization (IDE-JETRO)

Abstract

この論文は国立情報学研究所の学術雑誌公開支援事業により電子化されました。

“Assimilation” has been long considered characteristic of Suharto's “New Order” policy toward the Indonesian Chinese. On the other hand, it is well known that sharp differentiation between pribumi and non-pribumi also existed within the civil administration. This seeming contradiction illustrates one of the difficulties in understanding the state's attitude towards Chinese in Indonesia during the Suharto era.<br> This study examined the archives of the Department of Home Affairs, the department charged to carry out policies toward those of Chinese descent, in order to provide a clearer picture of how its laws and policies were conceived and formulated. It was found that the establishment of BAKOM PKB and such programs as assimilation training in RT/RW were used to try to bureaucratically control and dominate this issue, especially under the Dirjen SOSPOL. This was an agency of extreme importance with an active role in policing not only the Chinese but also Communism, Islam, and those related to SARA issues.<br> For the Department of Home Affairs, the Chinese issue was not just about National Unity but, more importantly, a measure to secure the Suharto presidency. Utilizing both assimilation and differentiation in that context was neither a failure nor a contradiction. It was a necessary combination in order to depoliticize the Chinese issue for the political stability of the regime.

Journal

  • Japanese Journal of Southeast Asian Studies

    Japanese Journal of Southeast Asian Studies 45(1), 37-56, 2007

    Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Kyoto University

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110006447933
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00166463
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    特集
  • Journal Type
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    0563-8682
  • NDL Article ID
    8976683
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZG74(歴史・地理--アジア・アフリカ--東南アジア)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z8-392
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS  IR  J-STAGE 
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