倫理問題に関する看護職(臨床看護師と保健師)の認識の比較  [in Japanese] A study of nursing professionals' awareness of ethical issues : A comparison between clinical nurses and public health nurses  [in Japanese]

Access this Article

Search this Article

Author(s)

Abstract

看護職は医療・保健・福祉の場で活動しているが、倫理問題に関する認識について臨床看護師以外の看護職を対象とした調査は少ない。本研究では、臨床看護師と保健師を対象に先行研究を参考に自記式調査を行い、看護資格による倫理問題の認識の違いについて検討した。看護職が認識する看護倫理上の問題場面では、悩むおよび直面したほぼ全項目において保健師より臨床看護師で該当すると回答した者が多かった。保健師が臨床看護師より回答率が高かった項目は虐待に対する介入困難だけだった。倫理問題を話合う場や機会をもっている者の割合は、臨床看護師45%、保健師7%と低く、施設に倫理委員会があると回答した者は、臨床看護師は30%であったが、保健師は2%だった。現在直面している倫理問題がないと回答した者の割合は、臨床看護師は40%であったが、保健師は70%程度だった。この結果には、各看護職の活動の場所や内容に伴い、臨床看護師に較べて保健師では倫理問題に直面する機会や検討の場および機会が少ないことが認識に影響していると考えられた。

While nursing professionals are active in the fields of medicine, health and welfare, there are few studies on nursing professionals' awareness of ethical issues except for those of nurses. The present study examined the differences between clinical nurses and public health nurses in terms of their awareness of ethical issues. The research was conducted using the self-report format based on the previous studies. The results showed that more clinical nurses than public health nurses responded to almost all items of nursing-related ethical issues which they had either faced or worried about. The only item that the public health nurses responded more than the clinical nurses was "the difficulty of intervention with abuse issues." The percentage of the clinical nurses who had a place or opportunity to talk about ethical issues was 45%, whereas that of the public health nurses was only 7%. Furthermore, the percentage of the clinical nurses who indicated that they had an ethics committee at their work place was 30%, whereas that of the public health nurses was 2%. In contrast, the percentage of the clinical nurses who were not facing any ethical issues at the time was 40%, whereas that of the public health nurses was 70%. The results indicated that the public health nurses had fewer ethical issues and places or opportunities to discuss ethical issues than the clinical nurses, implying the influences of the place and contents of their work environment.

Journal

  • Bioethics

    Bioethics 14(1), 107-113, 2004

    Japan Association for Bioethics

References:  15

Cited by:  1

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110006457534
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN10355291
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    1343-4063
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
Page Top