大学生の足や爪のトラブルとフットケアに関する実態調査  [in Japanese] The present status of the foot trouble and its care in college students  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

「フットケア」とは足浴,爪きり,マッサージ,ツボ押しなどの総称で,その言葉は既に我が国でも一般的であり,足の健康への関心は高まりつつある.医療分野における「フットケア」の意義や有効性に関する研究が伸展しつつあるが,健康人を対象とした研究は少なくさらに生活習慣との関連をみた研究は皆無である.そこで,健康な大学生を対象として実態調査を行い,生活習慣と足のトラブルやフットケアの関連を明らかにする目的で本研究を行った.同意が得られた大学生623名に対し,独自に開発したアンケート調査を実施し,439名(70.4%)から有効回答を得た.その結果,足のトラブルを訴える者は女性226名(85.0%),男性87名(50.0%)で女性に有意に足のトラブルを訴える者が多かった.特に,「冷え」147名,(55.3%)「むくみ」131名(49.2%),「靴擦れ」95名(35.7%)が多く,足にマニキュアをしている者やパンプスなど先の尖った靴を履く者に足のトラブルの発生率が有意に高かった.また,足マッサージ,爪の手入れ,指圧等の足の手入れを行なっている者は,全体で238名(54.5%)おり,足にトラブルをもつ者と有意に関連があったが,フットケアに関する読み物への関心は97名(22.2%)と低かった.今後,足の観察,適切な爪の切り方や手入れの知識と技術等フットケアの専門家の育成,医療スタッフに対するフットケアの必要性と方法の教育を含めた健康人へのフットケアに関する健康教育に必要性が示唆された.

In this research, the present status of the foot trouble and its care was analyzed through the answers on college students questionnaires obtained from 447 healthy college students (270 and 177 students were female and male, respectively). Among the responders, as much as 321 students (71.8%) answered to have some symptom on their feet. As the foot symptoms cold senoation and swelling were cited most frequently (55.3% and 49.2%, respectively).Furthermore, 249 students (53.4%) also answered to have some lesion or injury in their feet.Among the foot lesions such as the shoe sore (26.1%), wounds (16.2%), rolled nails (12.3%), and hallux valgus (7.8%) was the most popular. It is noteworthy that both foot trouble and lesion are appeared more frequently in female students than male ones.Incidence analys is showed a tendency that the students with the foot trouble have manicure in their feet nails and prefer to sharp-toed shoes such as pumps compared with the students without it. To maintain or improve the foot condition, 249 students (54%) were performing certain foot care such as massage and fiuge-pressure treatment either by themselves or specialists. Particularly, its performing rate was significantly high in the students with foot trouble than the students without it. These data indicate that foot troubles are more popular in felnale students than male ones, and the considerably number of such felnale students look up on the fashionability as important and thereby are performing foot care.However, the number of students who have a habit to read books and articles about foot care was only 99 (22.2%), suggesting that foot care might be a matter of little concern among the responders at the present tune. In summary, it should be emphasizod that education of medical stuff about this iesue as weu as establishment of care system in the facilities are required, because the foot trouble and injury has potential leading to a serious health problem. Foot care.

Journal

  • The journal of the Nursing Society of University of Toyama

    The journal of the Nursing Society of University of Toyama 6(2), 27-35, 2007-03

    University of Toyama

Cited by:  3

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110006604102
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • Journal Type
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    1344-1434
  • NDL Article ID
    8717340
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZS47(科学技術--医学--治療医学・看護学・漢方医学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z74-B352
  • Data Source
    CJPref  NDL  NII-ELS  IR 
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