ミャンマー周縁部における種子ビーズ利用の文化 Conservation and the Creation of Plant-using Culture:

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In this paper, I focus on the grass plant group Job's tears (Coix) to discuss people-plant interaction on the periphery of Myanmar. The field observations and interviews indicate that the wild and cultivated plants of Job's tears are recognized as a resource providing food, medicine, and seed beads. Ethnic groups belonging to different linguistic categories share a common culture of using the Job's tears plant. In particular, the seed beads have played a unique role in their material culture; they are used as toys and tools for rituals and ceremonies, as well as for body decoration in beautiful and striking combinations. In recent years, however, the use of the seed beads has changed considerably. The entire process is now carried out by different seed collectors, product makers, and product users as seed bead products have entered the trade as souvenir handicrafts for tourists. Non-minority apparel makers have also started to produce new seed bead products for local sale using seeds obtained from ethnic minorities. In conclusion, the seed beads of the Job's tears plants can serve as an indicator of socioeconomic change and human relations in a multiethnic society on the periphery of Myanmar.

In this paper, I focus on the grass plant group Job's tears (<i>Coix</i>) to discuss people-plant interaction on the periphery of Myanmar. The field observations and interviews indicate that the wild and cultivated plants of Job's tears are recognized as a resource providing food, medicine, and seed beads. Ethnic groups belonging to different linguistic categories share a common culture of using the Job's tears plant. In particular, the seed beads have played a unique role in their material culture; they are used as toys and tools for rituals and ceremonies, as well as for body decoration in beautiful and striking combinations.<br> In recent years, however, the use of the seed beads has changed considerably. The entire process is now carried out by different seed collectors, product makers, and product users as seed bead products have entered the trade as souvenir handicrafts for tourists. Non-minority apparel makers have also started to produce new seed bead products for local sale using seeds obtained from ethnic minorities. In conclusion, the seed beads of the Job's tears plants can serve as an indicator of socioeconomic change and human relations in a multiethnic society on the periphery of Myanmar.

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  • 東南アジア研究

    東南アジア研究 45(3), 382-403, 2007

    京都大学東南アジア研究所

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    110006612224
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN00166463
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    特集
  • 雑誌種別
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    05638682
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    9461641
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZG74(歴史・地理--アジア・アフリカ--東南アジア)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z8-392
  • データ提供元
    NDL  NII-ELS  IR  J-STAGE 
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