Magnetic, Optical, and Magnetooptical Properties of Spinel-Type ACr_2X_4 (A = Mn, Fe, Co, Cu, Zn, Cd ; X = O, S, Se)

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Author(s)

Abstract

A comprehensive study of magnetic, optical, and magnetooptical properties was carried out for single crystals of the spinel-type ACr_2X_4 (A=Mn, Fe, Co, Cu, Zn, and Cd; X=O, S, and Se). The optical reflectivity measurements for 0.1-30eV revealed a wide variation in electronic structures on a large energy scale between oxides (X=O) and chalcogenides (X=S and Se). For A=Fe and Co, we observed the intra-atomic d-d transitions of A^<2+> ions with a tetrahedral coordination, and successfully deduced the crystal field splitting ΔE, the Racah parameter B, and the spin-orbit coupling constant ζ by analysis based on the ligand field theory. A comparison of these optical parameters between oxides and chalcogenides indicated the strong covalency effect in the chalcogenides. In A=Cu, the insulator-metal transition between X=O and Se was clearly demonstrated by optical conductivity spectra. Magnetic properties were discussed in relation to electronic structures. A compound with a small optical gap is typically a ferrimagnet with antiparallel arrangements of A^<2+> and Cr^<3+> spins, whereas a compound with a large optical gap undergoes first-order phase transition into spiral spin ordering at a low temperature. We found that the magnetic anisotropy constants K_1 for ACr_2S_4 (A=Mn, Fe, and Co) are approximately scaled by the inverse of the intra-atomic d-d transition energies of A^<2+> ions in agreement with the second-order perturbation theory for single-ion anisotropy. The magnetooptical spectra in a wide energy range (0.2-4.5 eV) were measured for chalcogenides focusing on the d-d transition resonance. We observed gigantic magnetooptical signals up to 4.1° in the energy range of ^4A_2→^4T_2 and ^4T_2→^4T_1 transitions of Co^<2+> ions for CoGr_2S_4, and analyzed them in the framework of the ligand field theory. We propose that the strong covalency of the ligand sulfur, as well as the local breakdown of inversion symmetry, in the tetrahedral site plays a crucial role in the enhancement of magnetooptical responses.

Journal

  • Journal of the Physical Society of Japan

    Journal of the Physical Society of Japan 77(3), "34713-1"-"34713-16", 2008-03-15

    The Physical Society of Japan (JPS)

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Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110006633495
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA00704814
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Article Type
    ART
  • ISSN
    00319015
  • NDL Article ID
    9422026
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZM35(科学技術--物理学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z53-A404
  • Data Source
    CJP  NDL  NII-ELS 
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