睡眠環境評価に向けた人体の熱収支に関する研究 : サーマルマネキンによる仰臥位姿勢の人体の放射および対流熱伝達率の測定 BODY HEAT BALANCE FOR EVALUATION OF SLEEP ENVIRONMENT : MEASUREMENTS OF RADIATIVE AND CONNECTIVE HEAT TRANSFER COEFFICIENTS OF THE HUMAN BODY WITH SUPINE POSITION BY USING A THERMAL MANNEQUIN

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This study aimed to clarify the body heat balance between the human body and its sleep environment. However, because heat transfer coefficients of sleeping positions have not been sufficiently studied, body heat balance of its positions cannot be accurately assessed. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to propose the radiative heat transfer coefficient of the whole body and the empirical formula of convective heat transfer coefficient of the whole body in natural convection, with focus on the convective heat transfer area of the human body. Measurements were carried out with a thermal mannequin. Experimental posture was supine (floor contact) position. Thermal sensors directly measuring the heat flux and thermal radiation were employed. Experiments were conducted under the following conditions in an artificial climate chamber. Air temperature was set to six cases (ta=16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 26℃). Wall, floor and ceiling temperatures were set to equal air temperature (mrt=ta). Relative humidity and air velocity were kept constant level of 50% and less than 0.2m/s. The following results were obtained. The radiative heat transfer coefficient with supine (floor contact) posture was 3.235W/(m^2・K). The empirical formula of the convective heat transfer coefficient of the whole body with supine (floor contact) posture was represented hc=0.881ΔT^<0.368>[W/(m^2・K)] where the power of the difference between the mean skin temperature corrected by convective heat transfer area and air temperature (ΔT[K]).

収録刊行物

  • 日本生理人類学会誌

    日本生理人類学会誌 13(1), 17-26, 2008

    日本生理人類学会

参考文献:  25件中 1-25件 を表示

被引用文献:  2件中 1-2件 を表示

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    110006633987
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN1052804X
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • ISSN
    1342-3215
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  CJP引用  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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