寒天ゼリーおよびオリゴ糖長期摂取による施設入所高齢者の排便状況改善効果  [in Japanese] Effects of Long Term Ingestion of Agar Jelly and Oligosaccharide on Defecation of Elderly Patients in Nursing Home for Geriatrics  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

特別養護老人ホームに入所する高齢者80名(平均年齢85.4±7.6歳)を対象に寒天ゼリーおよびオリゴ糖の長期摂取による排便状況(排便回数,下剤服用回数)および腸内環境(糞便中水分量,短鎖脂肪酸量,腸内細菌叢)の改善効果を検討した.1) コントロール期間では,対象者全体の排便回数が5.7±0.5回/7日,便中水分が81.1±2.2%で,要介護度が高くなる程排便回数が少なくなる傾向にあった.寒天ゼリー摂取期間(3カ月間)では,排便回数が6.4±1.4回/7日,便中水分が75.0±2.2%と改善する傾向がみられた.2) 寒天ゼリー摂取期間後,対象者10名(平均年齢88.6±2.7歳)に3カ月間,オリゴ糖を添加して摂取してもらった.その結果,腸内細菌の総菌数が増加するとともに,Bifidobacteriumも有意に増加した.以上のことから,寒天ゼリー長期摂取により排便回数および水分量が改善する傾向を示すこと,オリゴ糖の長期摂取によりBifidobacteriumが増加することが明らかになった.

The effects were studied of long-term ingestion of agar jelly on the defecation and intestinal environment of 80 patients in a nursing home for geriatrics (15 men and 65 women, average age 85.4±7.6 years). Before ingesting the agar jelly, the defecation frequency was 5.7±0.5 times a week, and the amount of moisture in the feces was 81.1±2.2%. The defecation frequency tended to decrease as the amount of nursing assistance increased. After agar jelly had been ingested for 3 months, the defecation frequency increased to 6.4±1.4 times a week, and amount of feces moisture decreased to 75.0±2.2%. The effect of ingesting agar jelly together with oligosaccharide for 3 months was also studied on 10 elderly patients (1 man and 9 women, average age 88.6±2.7 years). The study showed an increase in the total amount of bacteria together with a significant increae in the amount of Bifidobacterium in the intestines. These results indicate that the long-term ingestion of agar jelly can improve the defecation frequency and amount of feces moisture, and that oligosaccharide can increase the amount of Bifidobacterium in elderly patients.

Journal

  • Journal of home economics of Japan

    Journal of home economics of Japan 59(5), 327-335, 2008-05-01

    日本家政学会

References:  15

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110006668375
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN10040097
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    NOT
  • ISSN
    09135227
  • NDL Article ID
    9487101
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZE16(社会・労働--家事・家政--学術誌)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z6-113
  • Data Source
    CJP  NDL  NII-ELS  NDL-Digital 
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