Epidemiological Study on BSE Outbreak in Japan

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Author(s)

Abstract

The aim of this study is to identify, as hypotheses, all feasible sources and routes of infection for the BSE cases in Japan, and to study the probability of each hypothesis. The strategy of this epidemiological study is as follows. 1) BSE risk status in Japan is tentatively divided into 3 stages, i.e., before 1996 April when administrative guidance for feed ban of cattle MBM introduced. After that to 2001 September, the first case of BSE in Japan, then, after 2001 October with real feed ban in the law. 2) Make hypotheses depending on the invasive risk scenarios and propagation risk of BSE in Japan, and they are checked by evidences, case control study or statistics. 3) Grouping of BSE cattle was conducted time sequentially and spatially; that is Group-A (1995-96, born in Hokkaido, Kanto), Group-B (1999 in Kyushu), Group-C (1999-2001 in Hokkaido), Group-D (young cattle born after real feed ban) and Pre-A, Post-D groups. As a result, a milk replacer was considered one of the most probable cause of group-A contamination, and group-C outbreak might be caused by an indigenous BSE propagation of group-A in Hokkaido. If the hypothesis of Holland animal fat as causative material was accepted, however, there are several unexplainable points. Collection of scientific evidences on animal fat impurity and age dependent susceptibility to BSE will be needed to clarify the true causative material.<br>

Journal

  • Journal of Veterinary Medical Science

    Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 70(4), 325-336, 2008-04-25

    Japanese Society of Veterinary Science

References:  5

Cited by:  1

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110006676848
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA10796138
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    09167250
  • NDL Article ID
    9486914
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZR22(科学技術--農林水産--畜産)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z18-350
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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