ニューヨーク市における犯罪の減少と秩序維持ポリシング [in Japanese] The decline of crime and the order-maintenance policing in New York City [in Japanese]
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In this article, we examine New York-style policing in 1990s. Under mayor Giuliani, the New York City Police Department (NYPD) implemented a policing strategy called the Order-Maintenance Policing (OMP), expressly premised on the Broken Windows Theory. Although OMP likely contributed to the crime decline in New York City, the precise contribution of this policing is contested. OMP was widely perceived among minority citizens as racial policing, or racial profiling. The NYPD's aggressive policing was disproportionately concentrated in the city's poorest neighborhoods, neighborhoods with high concentrations of racial minorities. OMP strategies and aggressive "Stop-and-Frisk" tactics were often practiced with slight regard for the legal standards.
- Bulletin of the Yamagata University Social science
Bulletin of the Yamagata University Social science 38(2), 37-58, 2008-02