方言資料の現在(<特集>資料研究の現在) On Dialectological Materials(<Special Issue>The Current State of Document Research)

この論文にアクセスする

この論文をさがす

著者

抄録

方言に関する主要な資料として,記述文献,辞典,分布図,談話資料,音声資料,フィールドワーク等を対象にそれぞれの性質を概観する。方言自体が古典化しようとしている現在において,その資料化手続きや資料性を問い直すことは,方言学という学問の基盤を検証する上で重要な過程にほかならない。そのことを通して浮き彫りになるのは,方言という言語情報に特有の非記録性という性格であり,同時に考えるべきことは情報元の限定性の問題である。方言学の研究資料を検討することで,方言学の抱える問題点が見えると同時に,進むべき方向も見えてくる。そのような検討とともに実行される資料の作成は,常に方言学に課せられた責務でもある。

For dialectology, descriptive studies, dictionaries, linguistic maps, corpus materials, sound data and field works can be used as the core materials of academic analysis. The characteristics of each kind of material are reviewed in this paper. Since descriptive studies include dialectal data, they have been used as the materials for succeeding studies. A lot of dialectal dictionaries had been edited by many non-professional dialectologists in Japan. They have offered huge sets of data for dialectology. In Japan, over 400 volumes of linguistic atlases have been published. Japanese geolinguistics leads this field in the world. Corpus materials and sound data of many dialects have been released in Japan. They have been used as materials for grammatical and phonological studies. Generally speaking, in Japanese dialectology, materials for the studies have been obtained through field work by dialectologists themselves. The data of dialectological field work are analyzed and the results are published as papers. In some cases original data have been opened. The data can be used for analyses from other different view points. It is an important process to examine methods of construction of these materials and the value of them to verify the bases of dialectology, especially at the current time when the dialects themselves are going the way of the classics. It appears that dialects data have a nature which is not written language, and the materials of dialectology have been based on limited information. Through the afore-mentioned review, the problems and the directions of dialectology are clarified. Dialectologists should continue to make data of dialects with attention to the nature and the limitations of dialect data.

収録刊行物

  • 日本語の研究

    日本語の研究 4(1), 69-81, 2008

    日本語学会

キーワード

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    110006782127
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA11998386
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    特集
  • ISSN
    1349-5119
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    9331000
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZK22(言語・文学--日本語・日本文学)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z71-M894
  • データ提供元
    NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
ページトップへ