難聴児における動詞の産出傾向 : 文脈による意味の限定の観点から  [in Japanese] Patterns in Verb Production by Children With Moderate Hearing Impairments  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

類似した意味をもつ動詞の一群には、さまざまな対象に用いることができ、文脈の制約が緩い動詞(包括動詞)と、特定の対象にのみ用いられ、文脈の制約が厳しい動詞(限定動詞)があると考えられる。ここでは、聴覚障害児がこれらの動詞をどのように産出するかについて健聴児との比較を通して検討した。その結果、聴覚障害児は健聴児に比べ、包括動詞の産出数に顕著な違いはみられないが、限定動詞の産出数は少なく、ある文脈において包括動詞を産出する傾向が強いことが明らかとなった。また、各課題の特徴から、限定動詞の産出が多い課題は健聴児と一致する傾向がみられる反面、一部の課題については健聴児よりも限定動詞の産出が顕著に少なかった。このことから、聴覚障害児における限定動詞産出の脆弱さは発達的な遅れのためだけではなく、動詞にかかわる聴覚障害児特有の要因が影響を及ぼしている可能性が示唆された。

The purpose of the present study was to examine some features of verb usage by children with moderate hearing impairments. Participants in the study were 27 elementary school children with moderate hearing impairments (9 each in the first and second grades, third and fourth grades, and fifth and sixth grades), and 208 individuals without hearing impairments: 141 elementery school children (45 in the first and second grades, 50 in the third and fourth grades, and 46 in the fifth and sixth grades) and 67 adults. Verbs with similar meanings were classified into 2 groups: general verbs, which could be used for general purposes (e.g., move), and specific verbs, which could be used for the specific purpose (e.g., jump). A comparison of the number and ratio of special verbs to general verbs provided the following results: (1) It was difficult for the children with moderate hearing impairments to use specific verbs that were suitable to the context; instead, they tended to use general verbs in such situations. (2) There were some similarities in the way that the children with moderate hearing impairments and the participants without hearing impairments used specific verbs. (3) The children with moderate hearing impairments used few specific verbs in some tasks for which the participants without hearing impairments used many specific verbs. Furthermore, the children with moderate hearing impairments selected verbs in a different way from the other participants in the study.

Journal

  • The Japanese Journal of Special Education

    The Japanese Journal of Special Education 41(5), 455-464, 2004

    The Japanese Association of Special Education

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110006785812
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00172513
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0387-3374
  • NDL Article ID
    6893065
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZF9(教育--各科教育)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z7-314
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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