教師用の子どもの行動チェックリスト作成に関する調査研究 : 注意欠陥多動性障害と広汎性発達障害に焦点をあてて  [in Japanese] A Child Behavior Checklist for Teachers : Focusing on Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Pervasive Developmental Disorder  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

通常学級担任の「見立て」を支援する目的で、子どもの具体的な行動特徴をチェックするリストの作成を試み、その妥当性と信頼性について基本的な検討をおこなった。調査対象者は小学校低学年の学級担任とし、項目内容の行動が「ある」か「ない」の回答を求めた。全120項目は健常群と比較して、注意欠陥多動性障害(ADHD)群ならびに広汎性発達障害(PDD)群において有意に「ある」と答えた割合が多かった。これらをクラスター分析の結果より4つのカテゴリーに分類し、その内的整合性や基準関連妥当性について検討した。さらに、各カテゴリー得点がADHD、PDDと健常群間で違いがみられるか検討するとともに、カテゴリー得点によって各グループが予測できるかどうか判別分析をおこなった。その結果、ADHD-健常群間の判別は良好であったが、ADHD-PDD間の判別率は低く、この点に今後の課題が残された。

In the present study, the validity and reliability of a checklist developed so that classroom teachers could assess children's behavioral characteristics was examined. First- and second-grade teachers at 283 schools completed the checklist. A significantly higher percentage of "agree" responses were found for 120 items in the attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD; N=55) and pervasive developmental disorder (PDD, N=38) groups, compared to responses in a control group without those disabilities (N=73). Items with a phi coefficient over 0.4 were classified into 4 categories: "attentional problems," "lack of sustainability," "impulsivity," and "lack of flexibility." When internal consistency of the items in each of those 4 domains was calculated, the alpha coefficients distributed from 0.825 to 0.897. "Attentional problems," "lack of sustainability," and "impulsivity" were mildly correlated with the ADHD RS-IV-J subscales, but "lack of flexibility" was not, indicating that the former 3 categories reflect behavioral characteristics of ADHD. Analysis of variance revealed significant differences among the 3 groups in the category scores, except for "lack of flexibility." A discriminant analysis was performed using the category scores as predictors of membership in the 3 groups; the overall correct classification rate was 77.7%. Although the distinction between the ADHD and control groups was fairly good, the rate of distinction between the ADHD and PDD groups was low.

Journal

  • The Japanese Journal of Special Education

    The Japanese Journal of Special Education 43(3), 183-192, 2005

    The Japanese Association of Special Education

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110006786018
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00172513
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0387-3374
  • NDL Article ID
    7761935
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZF9(教育--各科教育)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z7-314
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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