スポーツ指導者の状況認知に関する研究  [in Japanese] Research Respecting Situational Cognition on the Part of Sports Instructors  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

スポーツの指導は,広い空間において学習者と教授者が身体の動きを伴いながら行なう.そのため,教授者は,空間認知や学習者の身体認知,授業の勢いの認知,予測認知といった認知が,教室の授業以上に必要となる.そこで本論文は,現在,大学サッカー部監督とJリーグユースチームのコーチを兼務している対象者に,Jリーグの試合を監督になったつもりでピッチレベルから観てもらい,状況認知を探った.「今この時」にピッチレベルで監督として何を観ているのかの語りと,「今この時」に頭の中で描いている図(スケッチ画)をリアルタイムで採取して,試合終了後に,この語りとスケッチ画の裏づけの再現認知を行った,その結果,ピッチレベルで視覚としては水平上に観える空間を,ピッチを真上から観る鳥瞰図や若干高い場所から奥行きをもって観るワイドビューの図としてとらえ,その図を次から次へと重ね合わせながら次に起こることの予測を行なうことが明らかとなった.

Sports instruction entails bodily movements undertaken by students and teachers in spacious settings. For this reason, sports instructors are required to possess greater spatial cognition, physical cognition of students, cognition of the level of energy present in lessons and predictive cognition in physical education classes than they do in classroom lessons. In this context, we investigated situational cognition in this paper by recruiting a university soccer club coach who also served as a J-League youth team coach and had him observe a J-League game from pitch level while imagining that he was the coach. The subject was instructed to orally relate what he was seeing as a coach from pitch level in real time and sketch whatever image he was seeing or processing in his head in real time, whereupon a cognitive review of the narration and supporting sketches was conducted after the game. As a result, it became clear that the space visually perceived as a horizontal plane from pitch level was understood in terms of representations based on a bird's-eye view of the pitch from above and in terms of representations based on a wide-angle depth-conveying view of the pitch from a slightly elevated location and that predictions of what would occur next were being made through a process that involved the successive overlaying of representations onto representations.

Journal

  • Japan Journal of Educational Technology

    Japan Journal of Educational Technology 31(4), 425-434, 2008

    Japan Society for Educational Technology

References:  16

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110006794730
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11964147
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    ART
  • ISSN
    1349-8290
  • NDL Article ID
    9461384
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZF1(教育)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z7-904
  • Data Source
    CJP  NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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