Effects of a Phase III Cardiac Rehabilitation Program on Physical Status and Lipid Profiles in Elderly Patients With Coronary Artery Disease : Juntendo Cardiac Rehabilitation Program (J-CARP)

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Author(s)

    • SEKI Eriko
    • Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Juntendo University School of Medicine
    • WATANABE Yoshiro
    • Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Juntendo University School of Medicine
    • SHIMADA Kazunori
    • Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Juntendo University School of Medicine
    • SUNAYAMA Satoshi
    • Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Juntendo University School of Medicine
    • ONISHI Tomo
    • Juntendo Sports Clinic, Juntendo University Hospital
    • SATO Mizue
    • Juntendo Sports Clinic, Juntendo University Hospital
    • MOKUNO Hiroshi
    • Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Juntendo University School of Medicine
    • DAIDA Hiroyuki
    • Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Juntendo University School of Medicine

Abstract

<b>Background</b> Limited data are available regarding the effects of phase III cardiac rehabilitation on the physical status and risk factors in elderly patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). <b>Methods and Results</b> Thirty-four male CAD patients (>65 years old) were randomly assigned to an intervention group (n=18) or a control group (n=16). The intervention group participated in a phase III cardiac rehabilitation program consisting of exercise training, diet therapy, and weekly counseling for 6 months. In the control group, usual outpatient care was provided. In the intervention group, body mass index, waist size and fat weight significantly decreased; peak VO<sub>2</sub> and anaerobic threshold VO<sub>2</sub> were maintained; isokinetic peak torques of knee extensor and flexor muscles significantly increased; anterior trunk flexibility was significantly improved. In the control group, all parameters were unchanged except for peak VO<sub>2</sub>, which significantly decreased. In the intervention group, serum total cholesterol levels significantly decreased after cardiac rehabilitation. However, high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol and apoA-I levels also decreased. In the control group, no significant change in lipid profile was observed. <b>Conclusions</b> The results suggest that phase III cardiac rehabilitation could be beneficial for elderly patients with CAD. (<i>Circ J</i> 2008; <b>72:</b> 1230 - 1234)<br>

Journal

  • Circulation Journal

    Circulation Journal 72(8), 1230-1234, 2008-08-20

    Japanese Circulation Society

References:  24

Cited by:  8

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110006835720
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11591968
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    13469843
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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