明治20年代後半における大日本教育会研究組合の成立 Establishment of Research Associations in the Educational Society of Japan

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本稿の目的は、明治20年代後半(1892〜1896年)における大日本教育会研究組合の成立過程と、その歴史的意義を明らかにすることにある。本論では、当時の高等師範学校存廃問題や教育雑誌における「教育学術研究」の内容、明治25年末から26年における大日本教育会の組織内外の動向を整理し、高師教員を含む教育研究推進派が、研究組合の成立過程で主導権を握ったことを明らかにした。つぎに、嘉納治五郎の大日本教育会改革構想や大日本教育会組合規程を精査し、各研究組合に込められた課題意識を検討した。最後に、研究組合がどのようにこの構想・規程を実現したか、具体的事例を通して検討した。その結果、研究組合の成立は、外国事例の紹介やその斟酌採用に従事しがちだった当時の高師教員に対して、国内の現職教員との研究交流や、日本の実情に合った教授法研究を促すものであったことを明らかにした。

This study aims to clarify the process by which Research Associations (Kenkyu-Kumiai) were established between 1894 and 1896, along with their historical significance. In the field of education in Japan in the 1890s, research on the theory and art of education based not on education in a foreign country but on Japanese folk customs and cultures was required. The Educational Society of Japan from 1892 to 1893 made efforts toward not this problem but the political campaign concerning the expense of education. However, because the political campaign was banned by the Ministry of Education in October 1893, the Educational Society of Japan decided to conduct research on the theory and art of education. Thereafter, Higher Normal School teachers and members of the education planning committee (Kyouiku-Danwa-Kai) who had been aiming at establishing an organization for the research on the theory and art of education took control of the reform. The Higher Normal School teachers played an important role in the establishment of Research Associations. To improve the method of education by the in-service teachers, Jigoro Kanou, the principal of the Higher Normal School, came up with the plan to engage a prominent researcher and an educator. The Higher Normal School teachers enacted the Research Associations regulations along Kanou's plan, and presented the official explanation. Six Research Associations had been established from 1894 to 1896. Half the numbers of researchers of the Research Associations were Higher Normal School teachers. At that time, the Higher Normal School teachers were researching didactics for the single-class school. Their research mainly adopted the editorial format from foreign countries, and focused on the practices of their schools. However, domestic research was disregarded in their research. The Research Association concerning didactics of the single-class school researched the development of teaching materials and didactics appropriate for Japan, and presented the study results to domestic researchers. A Higher Normal School teacher who was a member of the Research Association also participated in one such research. The establishment of Research Associations promoted domestic research exchange with the in-service teachers and didactics research suitable for Japan and for the Higher Normal School teachers, who had focused only on foreign research in their schools.

収録刊行物

  • 教育学研究

    教育学研究 75(3), 263-275, 2008

    一般社団法人 日本教育学会

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    110006967199
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN00056578
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0387-3161
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    9685635
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZF1(教育)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z7-143
  • データ提供元
    NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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