中年期の親の主観的健康状態と子育て評価  [in Japanese] Appraisal of the child rearing (ACR) and subjective health condition in middle-aged parents  [in Japanese]

Access this Article

Author(s)

Abstract

本研究の目的は、すでに東京都群と沖縄群の2地域で得られた子育て評価(the Appraisal of the Child Rearing)と健康状態に関連する事柄が、岩手群においてどの程度あてはまり、一般化できるか否かを検討することであった。対象は、乳幼児期より縦断的研究を実施してきている岩手県に在住する成人初期の子どもをもつ中年期の父親30名、母親31名であり、それぞれの主観的健康状態および生活状態、子育て評価、自己概念に関することなどを質問紙法および一部の者には面接法によって調査した。その結果、(1)主観的健康状態がよいほど自己概念得点が高い傾向にあった。(2)父母の間には子育て評価の"過去"に関して違いがあった。(3)母親の子育て評価は世代間で継承する割合が父親に比較して高いことなどが明らかになった。自己概念と主観的健康状態との関連は、これまでの上田の報告と類似する結果であった。身体的疾患がないにもかかわらず社会生活上困難をきたしているリスク者を早期に見つけ支援していく予防的アプローチが必要であり、自己概念状態を把握することにより、健康上のリスク者を見つけ、カウンセリングに結び付けられる可能性があることを示唆している。また、中年期の親の子育て評価の結果は、母親の子育て評価が一般に世代間で継承する割合の高いことが明らかになった。今後は親子間の関係についても分析し、子育て支援の視点からさらに検討を重ねたいと考えている。要約(英文)The purpose of this study is to examine the extent to which the results of our research on appraisal of the child rearing and subjective health condition of subjects in Tokyo and Okinawa prefectures are applied with those in Iwate prefecture. Our subjects were 30 fathers and 31 mothers of middle aged who had children of early adulthood by longitudinal method since the children were in infancy. Questionnaires on health and life conditions, appraisal of the child rearing (ACR), and self-perception were mailed to mothers and fathers separately. Results were: 1) The better their subjective health conditions were, the higher their scores of self-perception were. 2) There were differences between the scores of ACR on "the past" of fathers and mothers. 3) The mothers' ACR tended to continue through generations. The correlation between self-perception score and subjective health condition was consistent with the previous research findings of Ueda. This result implies that a preventive approach is needed to identify early and to support at-risk people who have difficulties in their daily lives although they have no overt physical illness, and also that nurses can identify at-risk people by scores of self-perception and support with counseling service. In addition, middle-aged mothers' ACR tended to continue through generations generally. Further analysis is needed in the relationship between parents and children from the viewpoint of the intervention of child rearing.

The purpose of this study is to examine the extent to which the results of our research on appraisal of the child rearing and subjective health condition of subjects in Tokyo and Okinawa prefectures are applied with those in Iwate prefecture. Our subjects were 30 fathers and 31 mothers of middle aged who had children of early adulthood by longitudinal method since the children were in infancy. Questionnaires on health and life conditions, appraisal of the child rearing (ACR), and self-perception were mailed to mothers and fathers separately. Results were: 1) The better their subjective health conditions were, the higher their scores of self-perception were. 2) There were differences between the scores of ACR on "the past" of fathers and mothers. 3) The mothers' ACR tended to continue through generations. The correlation between self-perception score and subjective health condition was consistent with the previous research findings of Ueda. This result implies that a preventive approach is needed to identify early and to support at-risk people who have difficulties in their daily lives although they have no overt physical illness, and also that nurses can identify at-risk people by scores of self-perception and support with counseling service. In addition, middle-aged mothers' ACR tended to continue through generations generally. Further analysis is needed in the relationship between parents and children from the viewpoint of the intervention of child rearing.

Journal

  • Journal of Okinawa Prefectural College of Nursing

    Journal of Okinawa Prefectural College of Nursing (3), 94-100, 2002-03

    Okinawa Prefectural College of Nursing

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110006977717
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11475683
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    departmental bulletin paper
  • Journal Type
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    13455133
  • NDL Article ID
    6238113
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZS47(科学技術--医学--治療医学・看護学・漢方医学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z74-B984
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS  IR 
Page Top