成人初期の健康状態とそれに関連する変数--性差を中心に  [in Japanese] Subjective health condition and related factors on young adults: some considerations about gender differences  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

上田ら(1999)は、東京都に出生し、乳幼児期より縦断的研究の対象者であった者が成人初期に達した時点において調査を行い、男女196名を対象に、成人初期の主観的健康状態とそれに関連する諸要因を検討し、両性とも「生活の満足度」「ゆううつの程度」「家族の支援」などが主観的健康状態に関連すること、また性差もあり、女性では「寝つきの良否」「食事の規則性」、一方男性は「就職」「自分の受けた養育の評価」が関連していると報告している。本研究は、その報告結果をもとに多変量解析を用いて成人初期の主観的健康状態に関連する要因を性別に検討し、成人初期の健康問題の早期発見と支援に役立てることを目的とした。対象は、乳幼児期より縦断的研究を実施してきている東京都、岩手県、沖縄県に在住する成人初期の子ども男性125名、女性141名であり、それぞれの主観的健康状態および生活状態に関することなどを質問紙法によって調査した。その結果、(1)成人初期の主観的健康状態には、男女共に「生活の満足度」「ゆううつの程度」「家族の支援」などが関連していた。(2)性差では、「就職」のカテゴリーで、男性は希望に関わらず就職していることが健康状態にプラスに作用していたのに対し、女性では「希望以外」「学生」がマイナスに作用し、「希望通りの就職」「職業なし」はプラスに作用していた。また居住地域では、男性は沖縄県と岩手県に在住していること、女性では東京都に在住していることが健康状態にプラスに作用していた。今後は、成人初期の発達課題と社会及び地域における男女の役割期待を考慮した支援の必要性が示唆された。

Studying subjective health conditions and related factors of 196 young male and female adults born in Tokyo by longitudinal study from infancy to young adults. Ueda et al. (1999) reported that "Satisfaction in Life", "Depr essive Feelings", "Support from Family" were related to subjective health conditions both for male and female subjects. However, gender differences were identified such as "Fall asleep easily", "Taking meals regularly" for female while "Present Employment" and "Appraisal of Nurturance of own Parents" for male as important factors. The purpose of present study is to explore factors related to the subjective health conditions on male and female subjects by multi-variable analysis to find the contributing variables on young adults' healthy problems and for intervention. Subjects were 266 young adults - 125 males and 141 females - who had participated in longitudinal study from infancy that lived in Tokyo, Iwate and Okinawa Prefecture. Questionnaires on their subjective health conditions and a life state, etc. were mailed to be answered and were sent back. Two important results were obtained: firstly, for both males and females, subjective health conditions were related to "Satisfaction in life" , "Depressive Feelings" , and "Support from Family". Secondly, there were gender differences regarding "Present Employment" and "Place of Residence" for males and "Present Employmenf" was related to their subjective health conditions positively. For females, "Wanted Job" and "Unemployed" were related to their subjective health conditions positively, and "Un-wanted Job" and "Student" were negatively. Concerning "Living Place", for males, living in Okinawa or Iwate Prefectures was related to subjective health conditions positively, while living in Tokyo for females was related positively. These results suggest that support systems of young adults need to be considered young adults' developmental tasks as well as gender role expectations in their societies and communities.

Journal

  • Journal of Okinawa Prefectural College of Nursing

    Journal of Okinawa Prefectural College of Nursing (6), 50-57, 2005-03

    Okinawa Prefectural College of Nursing

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110006977728
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11475683
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    departmental bulletin paper
  • Journal Type
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    13455133
  • NDL Article ID
    7995043
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZS47(科学技術--医学--治療医学・看護学・漢方医学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z74-B984
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS  IR 
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