日本からアジア諸国への環境技術移転 [in Japanese] Technology transfer for environmental protection by Japan's ODA [in Japanese]
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Addressing climate change issues in a cost-effective way are the main challenges of environmental cooperation and energy policies and in the longer term will be solved only through technology cooperation. To encourage collaborative efforts to meet and transfer these environmental technologies, the government of Japan supplied a large amount of environmental Official Development Assistance (ODA), which is defined as flows of official financing administered with the promotion of the economic development and welfare of developing countries as the main objective for environmental protection, and technologies for environmental protection under implementing agreement and a system of standard rules for global matters. This allows interested member and non-member governments or other NGOs to pool resources and to foster the research and development of particular environmental technologies. Japanese goverment would like to provide leadership and encourage partnership in caring for the environment and enabling nations and peoples in developing countries to improve their quality of life without compromising that of future generations. For example, the potential consequences of climate change are profound, particularly on poor people in the developing countries. The question is therefore not whether climate change is happening, but what to do about it. We need to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases, which will mean altering how many citizens in developing countries live and do business. They also need to realistically assess the technological transfer to protect the environment. Japan has a key role to play in a broad range of activities related to understanding, mitigating and adapting to climate change under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and its Kyoto Protocol. Technology Transfer for environmental protection is the broad set of processes covering the exchange of knowledge, money and goods amongst different stakeholders that lead to the spreading of technology for adapting to or mitigating climate change. The purpose of technology transfer is capacity building or increasing skilled personnel and technical and institutional capacity. Our paper also suggests a program to provide financial and technical support to countries to build capacity for mainstreaming poverty-environment linkages into national development planning processes.
- Journal of the Faculty of Liberal Arts, Tokai University
Journal of the Faculty of Liberal Arts, Tokai University 38, 39-59, 2007
The School of Humanities and Culture, Tokai University