19世紀中・東欧における法律家の任意団体 [in Japanese] Voluntary organizations of Jurists in Central Europe in the 19th century [in Japanese]
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The purpose of this paper is to clarify what kind of voluntary communications were possible among lawyers in Central Europe in the 19th century, a time when the legal systems and legal profession of these countries were being modernized. According to an article by Prof. Brauneder in Vienna, there were two forms of noncompulsorylegal organizations at that time, and they both derived from German territories. The first form, which traces back to the 18th century, was the Reading Societies on Legal and Political Books. Its main purpose was to equip legal libraries and publish legal journals. The second form was the Association of Jurists, which focused on communicative activities such as lectures and debates. The upper organization of such local associations was the German Jurists Forum, which is held even today every two years in a different city in Germany (it was briefly suspended during the period of National Socialism). The idea of having a nationwide forum of lawyers reach out beyond the legal profession took root even outside the German-speaking territories in Central Europe. As a case study, this paper examines the Hungarian Jurists Forum, which was held a total of 11 times from 1870 to 1896. Though both forums had the same purpose, namely, to foster communication among lawyers and to help develop jurisprudence and realize codification, unlike the German Jurists Forum, the forum was held only in Budapest, tried to avoid having any political influence, and lacked the objective of unifying the legal system because of complicated national issues and policies at work. In my opinion these are the main reasons why the forum did not continue to be held regularly.
- Memoirs of the Faculty of Education, Kumamoto University The humanities
Memoirs of the Faculty of Education, Kumamoto University The humanities (57), 81-91, 2008