外来通院により治療を受けているがん患者が災害時に治療継続をするためのシステムの検討  [in Japanese] A study of systems enabling cancer outpatients to continue receiving treatment during a disaster  [in Japanese]

Access this Article

Abstract

本研究では、がん医療を担う施設において、外来通院治療を受けているがん患者が、災害時に治療を継続するためのシステムと災害への備えを明らかにし、その上で、外来通院治療を受けているがん患者が治療を継続できるシステムのあり方について提示することを目的とした。近い将来に災害が起きることを想定して対策を講じている地域がん診療拠点病院をはじめとする5つの医療施設において、災害対策に詳しい担当者12名を対象に、外来通院治療を受けているがん患者が、災害時に治療を継続するためのシステムの内容と、施設における災害への備えの内容について、1時間程度のヒヤリング調査を実施した。その結果、災害時に継続治療を必要とする外来患者を把握するシステムや、災害時に外来化学療法を受けている患者や麻薬を使用している患者の治療継続のためのシステムを備えている施設けなかった。しかし、ヒヤリング結果より、災害時のシステムとしては確立されていないが、平常時のシステムを活用し、災害時に継続治療の必要な患者を把握することが可能な手段・方法として、(1)平常時に各専門職が得る患者情報を使用して患者を把握する、(2)電子情報媒体を使って患者を把握する、(3)診療記録や名簿等の紙媒体から患者を把握する、という3つのルートが考えられるということが明らかになった。また、今後は、がん診療連携拠点病院制度のネットワークを生がし、がん専門病院として、災害時も、がん治療の拠点として期待できることが考えられるとともに、災害時に外来化学療法を受けている患者や麻薬を使用している患者の治療継続については、患者・家族のセルフケア能力を高めておくことが必要であることが示された。

This study aimed to clarify the systems and disaster preparedness that are in place at health care facilities involved in cancer treatment to ensure that cancer patients receiving outpatient treatment can continue receiving treatment during a disaster, and to propose appropriate systems for ensuring continuation of treatment for cancer outpatients in times of disaster. In this study, interviews were conducted in five medical facilities that take precautionary measures in preparation for possible disasters in the near future, including a regional hub hospital for cancer treatment. Twelve people in charge of disaster preparedness and response were interviewed for approximately one hour about what system is in place at their respective hospitals to allow cancer outpatients to continue their treatment during a disaster and about how their hospitals prepare for disasters. The interviews revealed that the hospitals studied had no system in place to identify patients who need to continue treatment during a disaster, or to ensure that cancer patients receiving outpatient chemotherapy or taking pain medicines can continue receiving treatment or medication. It was also revealed that, though there was no system specifically designed for use in disaster situations, it was possible to identify patients who needed to continue receiving treatment during a disaster by using the system employed during ordinary times in the following three ways: (1) using patient information acquired in ordinary times through health care professionals; (2) using electronic information media; and (3) using information stored on paper media such as medical records and name lists. The interview survey suggests that it can be expected that cancer specialist hospitals can serve as centers for cancer treatment in times of disaster by forming a network of cancer care hub hospitals. It is also suggested that it is necessary to improve self-care skills and abilities of cancer patients and their families to ensure that cancer patients receiving outpatient chemotherapy and taking pain medicines can continue their treatment/medication during a disaster.

Journal

  • University of Hyogo, College of Nursing Art and Science, Research Institute of Nursing Care for People and Community bulletin

    University of Hyogo, College of Nursing Art and Science, Research Institute of Nursing Care for People and Community bulletin 15, 61-71, 2008

    兵庫県立大学看護学部

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110006999259
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA12197280
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    departmental bulletin paper
  • Journal Type
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    18816592
  • NDL Article ID
    9434702
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZS47(科学技術--医学--治療医学・看護学・漢方医学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z19-B399
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS  IR 
Page Top