沖縄県における戦争遺跡の保存活用-戦争遺跡の文化財指定を視点に  [in Japanese] The preservation and use of wartime ruins in Okinawa: focus on the official designation of wartime ruins as cultural assets  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

Abstract

近年、戦争遺跡が注目されている。戦争遺跡を「戦争の語り部」として活用する取り組みは、戦争体験者が減少するなかでますます重視されている。本稿では、沖縄における戦争遺跡の保存活用の歴史を全国の取り組みと関連して紹介する。さらに戦争遺跡の保存活用の先進的な役割として、沖縄県南風原町の南風原陸軍病院壕の町文化財指定と整備公開の取り組みについて具体的に記述し、あわせて全国や沖縄県における戦争遺跡の文化財指定の現状と課題について言及する。沖縄の戦争遺跡は沖縄戦の「生き証人」であり、体験者に代わって沖縄戦を語ってくれる。そのためには戦争遺跡の保存活用、文化財指定が必要不可欠である。

In recent years, the preservation of wartime ruins has received increasing attention. The role of wartime ruins as witnesses to war becomes increasingly important as the numbers of actual war survivors decrease year-by-year. In this paper, the writer discusses the history of efforts nationwide to gain official recognition for war ruins. Further, the efforts to gain recognition for the underground Haebaru Imperial Army Field Hospital in the town of Haebaru in Okinawa, as well as the establishment of a park adjacent to the hospital site are discussed in detail as an example of an advanced case of preservation and use of wartime ruins. Further, the conditions of wartime ruins preservation in Okinawa are placed in a wider national context as preservation efforts increase. Wartime ruins in Okinawa from the Second World War have become "living witnesses" which continue to convey the facts of the war as actual human witnesses slowly disappear. The importance of official recognition for the preservation and use of wartime ruins is, thus, indispensable.

Journal

  • Okinawa International University journal of culture and society

    Okinawa International University journal of culture and society 11(1), 43-71, 2008-03

    Okinawa International University

Cited by:  2

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110007027433
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11134988
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • Journal Type
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    13426435
  • NDL Article ID
    9649028
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZV1(一般学術誌--一般学術誌・大学紀要)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z22-B274
  • Data Source
    CJPref  NDL  NII-ELS 
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