戦時・戦後復興期における大阪都心の土地所有構造 [in Japanese] The Changing Structure of Landownership in the Central District of Osaka, 1937-1955 [in Japanese]
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This article clarifies the changing structure of landownership in the central district of Osaka during the wartime and rehabilitation period as the starting point of postwar Japan. Arguments in preceding studies, regarding the extent and kinds of change brought upon cities by the total economic control of the wartime and occupation periods, have thus far been inadequate. This article also examines the relationship between this change and the subsequent period of continuous high growth of the Japanese economy. The new findings presented here have been derived from a complete survey of the land registry of the central district of Osaka. The survey deals with all of the registered landowners of this area of 1940 and 1955. From the perspective of landownership restructuring, it is clear that the wartime and rehabilitation periods can be divided into the following 3 eras: (1) when land restructuring was suspended because of wartime control (1937-1945); (2) when the number of landowners suddenly increased because of postwar reforms (1945-1948); and (3) as a result of the economic recovery, when the concentration of landownership by large firms increased (1949-1955). I conclude that during the period studied in this paper, two main historical changes took place in the structure of landownership in Osaka: first, the Edo-type hierarchical landownership structure dissolved, and second, the growth of major industries as large landowners emerged.
- The Journal of Political Economy and Economic History
The Journal of Political Economy and Economic History 48(2), 1-17, 2006
The Political Economy and Economic History Society