5歳児発達障害・知的障害スクリーニング質問票における発達的変化およびスクリーニング精度  [in Japanese] Accuracy and developmental change in developmental disorders and intellectual disabilities screening questionnaire for five-years-olds  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

Abstract

発達上の問題を示す子どもを就学前に発見するための5歳児発達障害・知的障害スクリーニング質問票(石川ら,2007)について、発達的変化およびスクリーニング精度を検討した。2005年度に、つくば市内の年少園児758名を対象に、担任および保護者に質問票への回答を求めるとともに、保育場面を観察し、介入や経過観察の必要性を判断した。また、2006年度に再度質問票を実施した。その結果、友だちがいないこと、集団への不参加、遊びや作業でルールや順番に従えないこと、不器用さ、ことばや会話の問題などは、一般的には解消されることが多いのに対し、介入が必要な群では持続しやすいことが明らかになった。スクリーニング精度については、陰性反応的中度を高めに設定した結果、感度が低めとなった。質問項目の追加や幼稚園・保護者への説明に加え、介入が必要な群で持続しやすい特性への重みづけ等により、感度を高めることについて考察した。

We studied developmental changes in the screening questionnaire for use with age five years old children, and tested the accuracy of it. The questionnaire was developed for early detection of mild developmental disorders (Ishikawa et al., 2007). 758 kindergarten children in Tsukuba City were surveyed with it twice at a year interval by their homeroom teacher and parents. After the first survey we observed the children in nursery school to find developmental or child care problems. Following features were extinguished in one year later in typical development; absence of friend, no participation to group, not following to rules and orders of play or work, clumsiness, language and discourse problems. These features were sustained in children suspected to have developmental disorders. The sensitivity of screening was low because negative predicted value was set to be high. To increase the sensitivity it was discussed that several items should be added, that kindergarten teachers and parents should be enlightened on the questionnaire, and that items of sustaining features mentioned above should be weighted.

Journal

  • Japanese journal of disability sciences

    Japanese journal of disability sciences 32, 35-45, 2008

    障害科学学会

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110007100032
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA12215065
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    departmental bulletin paper
  • Journal Type
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    18815812
  • NDL Article ID
    9612134
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZF1(教育)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z7-1307
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS  IR  NDL-Digital 
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